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Terrestrial Invertebrates

Terrestrial (land-dwelling) Invasive Invertebrates are animals that lack a vertebral column (backbone). Insects are the most common invasive terrestrial invertebrate, but it also includes other arthropods, molluscs (such as snails and slugs), and nematodes (roundworms).


  • Govorushko, S.M. Natural Processes and Human Impacts: Interactions between Humanity and the Environment. Springer, 2012.
  • Hine, R. and E. Martin. 2015. “Invertebrate.” In: A Dictionary of Biology (7th ed). Oxford University Press.