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Aquatic Pathogens and Diseases

Aquatic Invasive Pathogens and Diseases include diseases and disease-causing microorganisms (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasitic protozoa) of aquatic plants and animals.


  • Bundy, M.H. 2011. “Microbial pathogens”. In: Environmental Encyclopedia (4th ed). Detroit: Gale.
  • Dobson, A.P., and R.M. May. 1986. “Patterns of invasions by pathogens and parasites.” In: Mooney, H.A., and J.A. Drake. Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Hine, R. and E. Martin. 2015. “Pathogen.” In: A Dictionary of Biology (7th ed). Oxford University Press.