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Aquatic Pathogens and Diseases

Aquatic Invasive Pathogens and Diseases include diseases and disease-causing microorganisms (such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasitic protozoa) of aquatic plants and animals.


  • Bundy, M.H. 2011. “Microbial pathogens”. In: Environmental Encyclopedia (4th ed). Detroit: Gale.
  • Dobson, A.P., and R.M. May. 1986. “Patterns of invasions by pathogens and parasites.” In: Mooney, H.A., and J.A. Drake. Ecology of Biological Invasions of North America and Hawaii. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Hine, R. and E. Martin. 2015. “Pathogen.” In: A Dictionary of Biology (7th ed). Oxford University Press.

Note: Our species profiles provide general information about species considered to be invasive. This is not a list of all invasive species, nor does our information have regulatory implications. The large numbers of invasive species prevent us from maintaining detailed information on ALL invasive species. In addition, determining the invasiveness of a species depends on a number of local factors, including type of habitat. Our species profiles are provided as an educational informational tool.