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Fish and Other Aquatic Vertebrates

Fish and Other Aquatic Vertebrates are members of the subphylum Vertebrata who spend the majority of their lives in freshwater, marine, or estuarine environments. In the United States, invasive aquatic vertebrates are primarily fishes (including Invasive carp), but may also include reptiles, amphibians, and mammals.


  • Allaby, Michael. 2014. ā€œVertebrata.ā€ In: A Dictionary of Zoology (4th ed). Oxford University Press.
  • U.S. House Committee on Science. Aquatic Invasive Species Research Act (PDF | 468 KB). H. Rep. No. 108-324.
  • Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Species List. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Oct 19, 2017].