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Eurasian Ruffe

Scientific Name

Gymnocephalus cernuus (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)

Common Name

Eurasian ruffe


Acerina cernua (Linnaeus, 1758), Acerina czekanowskii (Dybowski, 1874), Acerina fischeri (Eichwald, 1873), Acerina vulgaris (Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829), Perca cernua (Linnaeus, 1758) (ITIS)

Native To

Northern Europe and Asia (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction

1986 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction

Possibly via ballast water (NAS Database)


Competes with native species (NAS Database)

Current U.S. Distribution

Great Lakes

Eurasian ruffe

Eurasian ruffe


Photo by Gary Cholwek; U.S. Geological Survey

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Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.

Council or Task Force
  • Fact Sheet: Ruffe [PDF, 1.19 MB]

    • Feb 2018
    • Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).

    • See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act

Federal Government
State and Local Government
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Gymnocephalus cernuus. [Accessed Aug 31, 2023].

  • Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Fact Sheet - Ruffe. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Aug 31, 2023].