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Cane Toad

Scientific Name

Rhinella marina (Linnaeus, 1758); formerly Bufo marinus (ITIS)

Common Name

Cane toad, Giant toad, Marine toad, Giant marine toad, South American cane toad, Dominican toad, spring chicken (Belize)

Native To

South America, Central America, Mexico, and extreme southern Texas (NAS Database)

Date of U.S. Introduction

First introduced to Florida by 1936 (NAS Database)

Means of Introduction

Originally introduced to control sugar cane pests; has also been accidentally and intentionally released by animal importers, zoos, and laboratories (NAS Database)


Preys on and competes with native species; highly toxic to predators (including pets) (NAS Database)

Image use policy

Cane toad, adult


Photo by U.S. Geological Survey

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Distribution / Maps / Survey Status


Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.

Federal Government
International Government
State and Local Government
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Rhinella marina. [Accessed Aug 20, 2023].

  • Nonindigenous Aquatic Species Database. Fact Sheet - Cane Toad. USGS, Gainesville, FL. [Accessed Apr 6, 2023].