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Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia

Scientific Name

Novirhabdovirus sp. (Family Rhabdoviridae) (Kim and Faisal 2011)

Common Name

Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHS), Egtved virus

Native To

First detected in Europe (Bain et al. 2010)

Date of U.S. Introduction

First isolated in the Great Lakes in 2005; had most likely been present for several years (Bain et al. 2010)

Means of Introduction

Unknown, possibly through ballast water (Bain et al. 2010)


Viral disease of fish that infects a wide range of species and can cause large fish kills (Bain et al. 2010)

Current U.S. Distribution

Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River

Viral hemorrhagic septicemia symptoms
Image use policy

Fish infected with VHS like this Lake St. Clair shad bleed from their organs and skin


Mohammed Faisal Professor of aquatic animal medicine at Michigan State University

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Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.

Council or Task Force
Federal Government
International Government
State and Local Government