An official website of the United States government.

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely.

Giant African Snail

View all resources
Giant African Snail
Giant East African Snail, albino shell - Yuri Yashin achatina.ru, Russian Federation
Scientific Name: 

Lissachatina fulica (Bowdich) (CABI)
Note: A. fulica was recently redesignated Lissachatina fulica, largely on the basis of Mead's (1961) observations (Naggs, 2002).

Synonym: 

Achatina fulica (Bowdich 1822), formerly Férussac 1821 (CABI)

Common Name: 

Giant African snail (GAS), giant African land snail, kalutara snail

Native To: 
Date of U.S. Introduction: 

First introduced to Hawaii in 1936; first introduced to the continental U.S. in 1966 (Thiengo et al. 2007)

Means of Introduction: 

Imported as pets and for educational purposes; may also arrive accidentally in cargo (Thiengo et al. 2007)

Impact: 

Agricultural and garden pest; attacks and feeds on hundreds of different plant species (Civeyrel and Simberloff 1996; Thiengo et al. 2007)

Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

Federally Regulated

Images

Videos

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Giant African Snail.

Partnership
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.
Massachusetts Introduced Pests Outreach Project.

National Plant Diagnostic Network.

You can become a more effective First Detector by familiarizing yourself with invasive target pests and pathogens known to exist in the U.S. If you think you have encountered one of the species or disease complexes listed, report its presence.

IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.

Federal Government
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
International Government
State and Local Government

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry.

Giant African land snails (GALS) could be devastating to Florida agriculture and natural areas because they cause extensive damage to tropical and subtropical environments. GALS are illegal to import into the U.S. without a permit. If you have seen one of these snails please contact the FDACS helpline (888) 397-1517.

Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Entomology and Plant Pathology.

Academic
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY-512
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
Professional
Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk.
Note: Complete text of the book by Albert R. Mead (1961. Albert R. Mead. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago. 257 pp.)

Citations