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Home / Terrestrial Invasives / Terrestrial Invertebrates / European Cherry Fruit Fly

European Cherry Fruit Fly

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European cherry fruit fly
European cherry fruit fly - Photo by Ben Hamers; Holland (Diptera.info)
Scientific Name: 

Rhagoletis cerasi L. (ITIS)

Common Name: 
European cherry fruit fly (ECFF)
Native To: 
Date of U.S. Introduction: 

First detected in New York in 2017 (Wakie et al. 2018)

Means of Introduction: 

Most likely through the movement of infested fruit (APHIS 2017)

Impact: 

Highly destructive pest of cherries (Prunus spp.) (Wakie et al. 2018)

Spotlights

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Effective May 11, 2021, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets (NYS AGM) expanded the European cherry fruit fly (ECFF) quarantine to include all of Monroe County and Wayne County and a small portion of northwestern Ontario County, New York. With this expansion, the ECFF quarantine now includes all of Erie, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, and Wayne Counties. This action is necessary to prevent the spread of ECFF to non-infested areas of the United States, while maintaining commercial cherry production and marketing within the state. The APHIS website reflects the expansion of this quarantine and contains a description of all the current federal fruit fly quarantine areas.

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

April is “Invasive Plant Pest and Disease Awareness Month”

Hungry Pests are invasive species that disrupt ecosystems, threatening to push out and eliminate native species. The European cherry fruit fly, the newest pest added to the group, attacks cherries. This pest was detected in the United States for the first time when fruit flies were caught in traps along the Niagara River in New York last year. If left unchecked, this pest could threaten cherry production in the United States. It can be introduced to new places through the movement of soil or infested fruit from areas where the pest occurs.

Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

USDA. APHIS. Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS). National Agricultural Pest Information System (NAPIS).

Federally Regulated

U.S. Government Printing Office. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.

USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

A Federal Order is a legal document issued in response to an emergency when the Administrator of APHIS considers it necessary to take regulatory action to protect agriculture or prevent the entry and establishment into the United States of a pest or disease. Federal Orders are effective immediately and contain the specific regulatory requirements.

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Includes information for Mexican Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly, and Oriental Fruit Fly

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

See what states have a federal quarantine for any of the targeted Hungry Pests, and identify which pests or diseases are at greatest risk due to a suitable habitat. In addition to federal quarantines, state-level quarantines might apply see State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations (National Plant Board).

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for European Cherry Fruit Fly.

Partnership

North Central Integrated Pest Management Center.

See also: Pest Alerts for more resources

Invasive Species Centre (Ontario).

Federal Government
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

International Government
State and Local Government

New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets.

Academic

Cornell University. New York State Integrated Pest Management Program.

See also: Invasive Species & Exotic Pests for more factsheets

Utah State University Extension; Utah Plant Pest Diagnostic Laboratory.

See also: Tree Fruit Insects Fact Sheets for more species

Michigan State University. Integrated Pest Management Program.

See also: Forecasting Invasion Risks for more factsheets

Citations