USDA. FS. Southern Research Station. CompassLive.
In recent decades, thousand cankers disease has become a concern for walnut growers and hardwood forest managers in the United States. A variety of measures have been investigated or developed to counter the disease. A study led by USDA Forest Service research entomologist Albert Mayfield and former University of Tennessee graduate student Jackson Audley looked at one measure: quarantine treatments. In an effort to stop the spread of the walnut twig beetle, certain states have prohibited the movement of regulated articles, including kiln-dried walnut lumber that still has its bark. The scientists investigated the risk of that type of lumber becoming colonized during movement to evaluate whether regulation of that product is necessary. Their paper was published in the Journal of Economic Entomology.
Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
Google. YouTube; University of Massachusetts - Amherst.
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Thousand Cankers Black Walnut Disease.
National Plant Diagnostic Network.
North Central Integrated Pest Management Center.
See also: Pest Alerts for more resources
North American Plant Protection Organization.
USDA. FS. Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry.
USDA. FS. Northern Research Station.
State and Local Government
Georgia Forestry Commission.
Minnesota Department of Agriculture.
Tennessee Department of Agriculture.
Thousand Cankers Disease (TCD) poses a serious problem to the health of the black walnut tree. Tennessee Department of Agriculture officials urge area residents and visitors to help prevent the spread of TCD:
- Don't transport firewood, even within Tennessee.
- Don't buy or move firewood from outside the state.
- Watch for signs of infestation in your walnut trees.
If you suspect your walnut tree could be infected with TCD, refer to the TCD Symptoms Checklist to alert state plant and forestry officials, or call TDA's Consumer and Industry Services Division at 1-800-628-2631.
Kansas Department of Agriculture.
Thousand Cankers poses a serious threat to the health of black walnut trees. The Kansas Department of Agriculture, Kansas Forest Service and K-State Research and Extension need your help to help stop the introduction, and to limit the spread, of this disease in Kansas. We are deeply concerned that if it reaches the native range of black walnuts in central and eastern Kansas, we may lose this tree in our urban and native forests.
Indiana Department of Natural Resources. Entomology and Plant Pathology.
Maryland Department of Agriculture.
Thousand cankers disease (TCD) is a disease complex native to the western United States and primarily affects black walnut, Juglans nigra. This disease is the result of the combined activity of a fungus, Geosmithia morbida, and the walnut twig beetle WTB), Pityophthorus juglandis. On January 12, 2015, the the Maryland Secretary of Agriculture issued a quarantine order to minimize the risk of moving infested material out of the limited action area in Cecil County, and to provide confidence in Maryland walnut products moving into neighboring states from non quarantined areas. The 2015 quarantine order has been updated to include all of Baltimore City and part of Baltimore County (PDF | 1.2 MB). The new quarantine (PDF | 1.0 MB) was signed on May 1, 2019 by the Maryland Secretary of Agriculture.
Utah State University. Cooperative Extension.
- Kolařík, M., E. Freeland, C. Utley, and N. Tisserat. 2011. Geosmithia morbida sp. nov., a new phytopathogenic species living in symbiosis with the walnut twig beetle (Pityophthorus juglandis) on Juglans in USA. Mycologia 103(2):325-332.
- Randolph, K.C., A.K. Rose, C.M. Oswalt, and M.J. Brown. 2013. Status of black walnut (Juglans nigra L.) in the eastern United States in light of the discovery of thousand cankers disease. Castanea 78(1):2-14.
- Tisserat, N., W. Cranshaw, D. Leatherman, C. Utley, and K. Alexander. 2009. Black walnut mortality in Colorado caused by the walnut twig beetle and thousand cankers disease. Plant Health Progress.
- Utley, C., T. Nguyen, T. Roubtsova, M. Coggeshall, T.M. Ford, L.J. Grauke, A.D. Graves, C.A. Leslie, J. McKenna, K. Woeste, M.A. Yaghmour, W. Cranshaw, S.J. Seybold, R.M. Bostock, and N. Tisserat. 2013. Susceptibility of walnut and hickory species to Geosmithia morbida. Plant Disease 97(5):601-607.