Hedera spp. (Green at al. 2013)
English ivy, Atlantic ivy, Irish ivy
Europe (Green at al. 2013)
Earliest records of naturalization are from the 1870s (Green at al. 2013)
Nursery trade (Green at al. 2013)
Competes with native plants and can spread into tree canopies (Yang 2013)
Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Provides state, county, point and GIS data. Maps can be downloaded and shared. See also: Atlantic Ivy
Google. YouTube; Invasive Species Council of Metro Vancouver (Canada).
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for English Ivy.
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
DOI. NPS. Olympic National Park.
State and Local Government
Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Forest Service.
See also: Includes Invasive Plants and Insects Fact Sheets for additional species to help control invasive species in Maryland
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Forest Service.
See also: Forest Health Publications for more Invasive Species Leaflets
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands
California Department of Fish and Wildlife.
King County Department of Natural Resources (Washington). Water and Land Resources Division.
Mississippi State University. Extension.
University of California. Weed Research and Information Center.
See also: Weeds in Natural Areas for more information sheets
Oregon State University. Extension Service.
University of Tennessee. Institute of Agriculture.
See also: Publications and Multimedia Catalog - Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries for more resources
Clemson University Cooperative Extension. Home and Garden Information Center.
Mississippi State University. Geosystems Research Institute.
See also: Species Factsheets for more fact sheets
North Carolina State University. Cooperative Extension. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants.
Green, A.F., T.S. Ramsey, and J. Ramsey 2013. Polyploidy and invasion of English ivy (Hedera spp., Araliaceae) in North American forests. Biological Invasions 15:2219–2241.
Yang, Q., G. Wehjte, C.H. Gilliam, et al. 2013. English ivy (Hedera helix) control with postemergence-applied herbicides. Invasive Plant Science and Management 6(3):411-415.