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Home / Terrestrial Invasives / Terrestrial Plants / Brazilian Peppertree

Brazilian Peppertree

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Brazilian pepper tree - Invasive.org
Brazilian peppertree, fruit clusters - Photo by Stephen D. Hight; USDA, Agricultural Research Service
Scientific Name: 
Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (ITIS)
Common Name: 
Brazilian peppertree, Christmas berry, Florida holly, broad leaf pepper tree
Native To: 
South America (Hight et al. 2002)
Date of U.S. Introduction: 
Means of Introduction: 
Introduced as an ornamental (Hight et al. 2002)
Impact: 
Forms dense, monospecific stands that crowd out native species; possibly produces chemicals that inhibit the growth of native species (Meyer 2011)

Spotlights

  • South Florida Water Management District.

    Several local and federal agencies today took another step in protecting America's Everglades by releasing an insect reared to combat the invasive Brazilian peppertree. The insects, known as thrips, were reared as part of a joint partnership between the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Florida Department of Environmental Protection, the National Park Service, the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC), the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services (FDACS) and the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS) to combat invasive plants in South Florida's ecosystem.

Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

Images

Videos

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Brazilian Peppertree.

Council or Task Force

California Invasive Plant Council.

In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA
Partnership
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Federal Government
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.
International Government
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).
Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.
State and Local Government
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Academic
University of California. Weed Research and Information Center.
See also: Weeds in Natural Areas for more information sheets
University of Hawaii. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.
See also: Weeds of Hawaii for more species guides
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. TAME Invasives Portal.

Citations

  • Hight, S.D., J.P. Cuda, and J.C. Medal. 2002. Brazilian Peppertree. In: R. Van Driesche et al. (Eds.), Biological control of invasive plants in the eastern United States (FHTET-2002-04). Morgantown, West Virginia: U.S. Forest Service Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Schinus terebinthifolius. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].
  • Meyer, R. 2011. Schinus terebinthifolius. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.