Zika virus disease, Zika (ZIKV)
On Aug 1, 2016, CDC issued guidance for people living in or traveling to a 1-square-mile area of the Wynwood neighborhood in Miami, FL, identified by the Florida Department of Health as having mosquito-borne spread of Zika. (https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00393.asp)
Ae. aegypti is the primary vector responsible for the current outbreak in the Americas. Ae. albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has been shown to be able to transmit Zika virus in Africa and in laboratory settings, although it does not yet appear to be a major vector of the virus. (Plourde and Bloch 2016; WHO 2016)
The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don't get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections. (DHHS, CDC)
There is no current local transmission of Zika virus in the continental United States, including Florida and Texas, which reported transmission of Zika virus in 2016-17 (CDC - Zika in the U.S.)
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.
DHHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Zika Virus. [Accessed Sep 30, 2023].
Plourde, A.R., and E.M. Bloch. 2016. A literature review of Zika virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases 22(7).
World Health Organization. 2016. Zika Virus Technical Report [PDF, 3.49 MB]. Interim Risk Assessment, WHO European Region.