West Nile virus (ICTV 2018)
West Nile Virus (WNV)
First discovered in Africa (Roehrig 2013)
1999 (Roehrig 2013)
Unknown (Roehrig 2013)
Infects birds and mammals (including humans). West Nile virus is primarily an avian pathogen, and is transmitted among birds by ornithophilic (bird-biting) mosquitoes; including the Asian tiger mosquito and other mosquito species (Hayes et al. 2005)
Most of U.S.
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Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.
State and Local Government
Hayes E.B, N. Komar, R.S. Nasc, S.P. Montgomery, D.R. O'Leary, G.L. Campbell. 2005. Epidemiology and transmission dynamics of West Nile virus disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases 11(8):1167-1173.
ICTV. 2018. Genus: Flavivirus. Virus Taxonomy: 2018b Release.
Roehrig, J.T. 2013. West Nile virus in the United States - a historical perspective. Viruses 5(12):3088-3108.