Avipoxvirus (Pringle 1999)
Fowlpox, avian pox, canarypox, juncopox, mynahpox, pigeonpox, psittacinepox, quailpox, sparrowpox, starlingpox, turkeypox viruses
Historically occurred worldwide (USGS 1999)
Historically present in the continental U.S.; was first discovered in Hawaii in 1902 (Lebbin et al. 2010; Loope 2010)
Probably introduced to Hawaii with imported birds and was spread by introduced mosquito species (Loope 2010)
Viral disease that infects over 60 species of birds (USGS 1999)
Has occurred throughout the U.S.
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The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.
State and Local Government
Lebbin, D.J., M.J. Parr, and G.H. Fenwick. 2010. Avian malaria and pox. In: The American Bird Conservancy Guide to Bird Conservation (pp. 308-309). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Loope, L. 2010. Hawaiian Islands: Invasions. In: D. Simberloff and M. Rejmanek (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Biological Invasions (pp. 309-319). Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.
Pringle, C.R. 1999. Virus taxonomy – 1999. Archives of Virology 144(2):421-429.
USGS Biological Resources Division. 1999. Avian pox In: M. Friend. and J.C. Franson (Eds.), Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: General Field Procedures and Diseases of Birds (Information and Technology Report 1999-001, pp. 163-170). Washington, D.C.: Department of the Interior.