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Classical Swine Fever

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Classic swine fever
Classic swine fever, ARS discoveries are providing vital information to help fight this economically devastating disease, which affects cattle and other cloven-hoofed animals. Photo by Regis Lefebure; USDA, ARS, Image Gallery
Scientific Name: 

Family Flaviviridae, genus Pestivirus (Paton et al. 2000)

Common Name: 

Classical swine fever (CSF), hog cholera

Native To: 

Origin unknown; may be native to the U.S. (Ganges et al. 2020)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 

First reported in Tennessee in 1810; Eradicated in the U.S. in 1978 (Brown and Bevins 2018; Ganges et al. 2020)

Means of Introduction: 

Can be transmitted through contact with infected pigs or consumption of contaminated feed (Ganges et al. 2020)

Impact: 

Highly contagious, viral disease of pigs that is usually fatal. The disease is still present in many countries, so there is a risk that it could become established in this country once again. While classical swine fever does not cause foodborne illness in people, economic losses to pork producers would be severe if the disease were to become established again in this country. (Brown and Bevins 2018)

Current U.S. Distribution: 
Not currently established

Federally Regulated

Images

Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health.

Videos

Google. YouTube; University of Pretoria (South Africa). African Veterinary Information Portal.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Classical Swine Fever.

Partnership
Federal Government
State and Local Government

California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Academic

Iowa State University. Center for Food Security and Public Health.

Professional

Citations