Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri
Citrus canker, Citrus bacterial canker
Believed to have originated in Southeast Asia or India (Polek 2007)
First discovered in 1910, but eradicated in 1931; another outbreak was discovered in 1986, and again in 1995 (Dewdney 2013)
First arrived in seedlings imported from Japan in 1910 (Dewdney 2013)
Bacterial disease that infects citrus trees, where it destroys fruit and causes decreased production (CABI)
Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.
State and Local Government
CABI. Invasive Species Compendium. Xanthomonas citri. CAB International. [Accessed Aug 10, 2023].
Dewdney, M.M., P.D. Roberts, J.H. Graham, K.R. Chung, and M. Zekri. 2013. Homeowner Fact Sheet: Citrus Canker. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #PP194.
Polek, M., G. Vidalakis, and K. Godfrey. 2007. Citrus Bacterial Canker Disease and Huanglongbing (Citrus Greening). University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Publication 8218.