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Zika Virus Disease

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Zika virus disease
Common Name:
Zika virus disease, Zika (ZIKV)
Photo:
Zika virus disease

Spotlights

  • DHHS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
    Zika virus disease (Zika or ZIKV) is a disease caused by the Zika virus, which is spread to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito.
  • Google.
  • Invasive Mosquito Project.
    The Invasive Mosquito Project is aimed at monitoring invasive container-inhabiting mosquito species across the United States. By doing this monitoring, we can determine where the invasive mosquito species, as well as native species, are distributed across the U.S. and define at-risk human and animal populations based on this distribution. This citizen science project provides students, teachers, and anyone interested the opportunity to collect real data and contribute to a national mosquito species distribution study.
Date of U.S. Introduction:

On Aug 1, 2016, CDC issued guidance for people living in or traveling to a 1-square-mile area of the Wynwood neighborhood in Miami, FL, identified by the Florida Department of Health as having mosquito-borne spread of Zika. (https://emergency.cdc.gov/han/han00393.asp)

Means of Introduction:

Ae. aegypti is the primary vector responsible for the current outbreak in the Americas. Ae. albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) has been shown to be able to transmit Zika virus in Africa and in laboratory settings, although it does not yet appear to be a major vector of the virus. (Plourde and Bloch 2016; WHO 2016)

Impact:

The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis (red eyes). The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week after being bitten by an infected mosquito. People usually don't get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika. For this reason, many people might not realize they have been infected. However, Zika virus infection during pregnancy can cause a serious birth defect called microcephaly, as well as other severe fetal brain defects. Once a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections. (DHHS, CDC)

Current U.S. Distribution:
CDC has issued guidance for both Florida and Texas (https://www.cdc.gov/zika/geo/index.html)

Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.

Partnership

North Central Integrated Pest Management Center.

The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Atmos News.

Pan American Health Organization; Regional Office for The Americas of the World Health Organization.

Federal Government

DHHS. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.

Provides links and resources for State Health Departments, many of which have information about Zika virus and West Nile virus with specific state information.

U.S. Department of Agriculture.
DHHS. U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Professional

Public Library of Science.
Note: Collection of all Zika-related research published in PLOS journals; freely accessible
Lancet.
Note: Collection of scientific/technical articles published in Lancet journals; freely accessible
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Commercial

Thomas Reuters Foundation News.

Citations