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Zebra Mussel

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Zebra mussel
Scientific Name:
Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas, 1771) (ITIS)
Common Name:
Zebra mussel
Photo:
Zebra mussel, adult - Photo by Amy Benson; U.S. Geological Survey

Spotlights

  • DOI. Bureau of Reclamation.

    The Bureau of Reclamation has launched a new prize competition seeking innovative solutions for the 100-percent eradication of invasive quagga and zebra mussels from large reservoirs, lakes and rivers in a cost-effective and environmentally sound manner. Invasive mussel infestations pose significant logistical and economic challenges for local communities, recreationists, and water managers by potentially disrupting water deliveries, increasing facility maintenance cost, and impacting the local ecology.

  • Great Lakes Commission; Invasive Mussel Collaborative.
    The Invasive Mussel Collaborative announced today that it has released a new strategy to reduce invasive mussels and their negative impacts. The Strategy to Advance Management of Invasive Zebra and Quagga Mussels is intended to drive investments, policy, and research around invasive mussels across the Great Lakes region and beyond. Since their initial discovery in 1989, zebra and quagga mussels have had dramatic impacts on the Great Lakes ecosystem and economy, including changes to the food web, degrading fish habitat, interfering with drinking water systems and damaging tourism and recreation economies. Today, these mussels continue to spread to new water bodies across the U.S. and Canada.
Native To:
Eurasia (NAS Database)
Date of U.S. Introduction:
Means of Introduction:
Ballast water (NAS Database)
Impact:
Competes with native species; clogs pipes (NAS Database)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status

Federally Regulated

  • DOI. FWS. Fish and Aquatic Conservation.

    Includes species listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the United States to import, export, or transport between States without a permit. Regulation of transport or use within a State is the responsibility of each State. Possession of a species within State boundaries is also the responsibility of each State and is not regulated by an injurious wildlife listing. Injurious wildlife are wild mammals, wild birds, amphibians, reptiles, fishes, crustaceans, mollusks and their offspring or eggs that are injurious to the interests of human beings, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, wildlife or wildlife resources of the U.S. Plants and organisms other than those stated above cannot be listed as injurious wildlife.
    See also: Injurious Wildlife: A Summary of the Injurious Provisions of the Lacey Act (Dec 2017; PDF | 401 KB)

Images

Videos

Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.

Council or Task Force

Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Partnership

IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).
DOI. U.S. Geological Survey; Great Lakes Commission; DOC. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; Great Lakes Fishery Commission.
Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel.
European Network on Invasive Alien Species.
See also: NOBANIS Fact Sheets for invasive alien species of the European region, covering both animals and plants, as well as microorganisms
Great Britain Non-Native Species Secretariat.

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

100th Meridian Initiative.

Federal Government

Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

State and Local Government

Indiana Department of Natural Resources.

See also: Invasive Species for exotic animal and plant pests invading Indiana, causing economic and visual damage
Arizona Game and Fish Department.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Species for additional risk analyses and related species information

Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks, and Tourism.

New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services.
See also: Exotic Species Program - Publications for more resources
Missouri Department of Conservation.
Utah Wildlife Division of Wildlife Resources.
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation.
Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. Office of Water Resources.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Animals for species of concern
California Department of Fish and Game.

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Iowa Department of Natural Resources.
South Carolina Department of Natural Resources. Aquatic Nuisance Species Program.
Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.

Academic

Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Species: Resources for additional species information
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute.
Paul Smith's College (New York). Adirondack Watershed Institute.
University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.
University of Minnesota. Minnesota Sea Grant.
Ohio Sea Grant College Program.
Provides information also for Quagga mussel
Virginia Tech; Virginia State University. Virginia Cooperative Extension.

Citations