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Wild Boar

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Wild boar -
Scientific Name:
Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 (ITIS)
Common Name:
Wild boar, wild hog, feral pig, feral hog, Old World swine, razorback, Eurasian wild boar, Russian wild boar
Wild Boar, Management - Billy Higginbotham Texas AgriLife Extension Service


  • Colorado Parks and Wildlife.

    All known feral swine have been eliminated from Colorado thanks to a near 15-year state and federal partnership comprised of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Wildlife Services (WS), the USDA Forest Service (FS), Colorado Parks and Wildlife (CPW) and the Colorado Department of Agriculture (CDA). The partnership formed in the early 2000s as a task force to manage invasive feral swine, which root up crops and pastures causing billions in damage nationwide each year. Feral swine also spread disease to livestock, wildlife and humans. Ground-nesting birds and other wildlife are easy prey for feral swine. And the swine put native wildlife at risk by competing for resources and destroying habitats and ecosystems. 

    You can help keep Colorado free of feral swine:

    • Spread the word that in Colorado it’s illegal to possess, transport or release feral swine, wild swine species or hybrids.
    • Report sightings of feral swine or transportation activities to USDA Wildlife Services at 1-866-4-USDA-WS (1-866-487-3297) or Colorado Parks and Wildlife at 303-297-1192.
    • Get more information at the National Feral Swine Damage Management Program.
  • United States Department of Agriculture.
    The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced today it is offering $75 million in funding for the eradication and control of feral swine through the Feral Swine Eradication and Control Pilot Program (FSCP) in a joint effort between USDA’s Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) and Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS). The 2018 Farm Bill included this new pilot program to help address the threat that feral swine pose to agriculture, ecosystems and human and animal health. Additional information on the complete funding announcement and about specific pilot projects, including target areas and the roles for which partner assistance is being requested, can be found on the FSCP webpage.
  • USDA. Blog.
    The National Feral Swine Damage Management Program, within the USDA's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s Wildlife Services (WS) program, has unleashed detector dogs as a new tool to help stop the spread of feral swine, one of the United States' most destructive and ravenous invasive creatures. This is a new tool, and WS will continue to train the dogs and use them to detect nutria, feral swine, and possibly other invasive species, in the future.
Native To:
Date of U.S. Introduction:
Means of Introduction:
Imported as a food source and escaped from domestication or were intentionally released (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)
Damages native plants and crops and competes with native species (Rouhe and Sytsma 2007)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status



  • eXtension.

  • Google. YouTube; Noble Research Institute.

  • Google. YouTube; United States Department of Agriculture.
    The video tells the story of how feral swine have become one of the most expensive invasive species in the U.S. The feral swine issue is being handled with Federal, State, and Local Wildlife officials to help farmers, ranchers, and the general public from these destructive animals. The video educates the viewer about the problems they can cause and how your Wildlife officials are mitigating, and trying to eliminate the damage through innovative scientific research.
  • Google. YouTube; Mississippi State University. Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Aquaculture - Extension.
    Contains multiple videos for feral swine.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Wild Boar.

Council or Task Force

Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).

See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act

Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.


IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

Federal Government

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

International Government

Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.

Centre for Invasive Species Solutions (Australia).

State and Local Government

Texas Parks and Wildlife.

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Ohio Department of Natural Resources.
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation.

Kentucky Department of Fish and Wildlife Resources.

Indiana Department of Natural Resources.


University of Michigan. Museum of Zoology.
Texas A&M AgriLife Extension.


Note: Multistate collaboration with a variety of feral hog resources

University of Missouri. Extension.

Ohio State University. Extension.
Mississippi State University. Center for Resolving Human-Wildlife Conflicts.


Noble Research Institute.

Publication NF-WF-10-01, 2nd Edition