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White Spotted Jellyfish

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Australian spotted jellyfish
Scientific Name:
Phyllorhiza punctata von Lendenfeld 1884 (ITIS)
Common Name:
White spotted jellyfish, Australian spotted jellyfish
Australian spotted jellyfish - Photo by Harriet Perry; Gulf Coast Research Laboratory
Native To:
Australia and the Philippines (Graham et al. 2003)
Date of U.S. Introduction:
First discovered in 1981 in California (Carlton and Geller 1993)
Means of Introduction:
Probably entered from the Pacific Ocean through the Panama Canal on the hulls of ships (Graham et al. 2003)
Preys on native species; negatively impacts shrimp industry by clogging nets and damaging fishing equipment (Ocaña-Luna et al. 2010)
Current U.S. Distribution:
Southeastern U.S. coastal region


Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.


IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.
Bishop Museum. Hawaii Biological Survey; University of Hawaii.

Federal Government

Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.