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Whirling Disease

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Whirling disease - DOI, FWS
Scientific Name:
Myxobolus cerebralis (CABI)
Common Name:
Whirling disease
Whirling Disease - Dr. Thomas L. Wellborn, Jr.
Native To:
Date of U.S. Introduction:
First discovered in Pennsylvania in 1958 (Hedrick et al. 1998)
Means of Introduction:
Probably through imported trout (Hedrick et al. 1998)
Disease of trout and salmon (Hedrick et al. 1998)
Current U.S. Distribution:
Western U.S.; Northeastern U.S.

Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.


DOC. NOAA. Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory; DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.
North Central Regional Aquaculture Center.
See also: Fish Pathology publications for more diseases

Federal Government

DOI. NPS. Yellowstone National Park.
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

International Government

Australian Government. Department of Agriculture and Water Resources.
Produced by: Australian Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry. See also: Aquatic Animal Diseases Significant to Australia: Identification Field Guide, 4th Edition
Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

State and Local Government

Indiana Department of Natural Resources.

See also: Invasive Species for exotic animal and plant pests invading Indiana, causing economic and visual damage
Arizona Game and Fish Department.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Species for additional risk analyses and related species information
Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency.
Colorado Parks and Wildlife.

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Utah Department of Natural Resources. Division of Wildlife Resources. 


Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.