Maps updated to present. Select data by disease (WN), vector (mosquito), state, and year (includes historical data from 2003).
West Nile Virus
The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.
DHHS. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
Provides links and resources for State Health Departments, many of which have information about Zika virus and West Nile virus with specific state information.
State and Local Government
Michigan Department of Natural Resources.
See the complete Wildlife Disease Manual for a list of diseases that are of significance to Michigan wildlife.
- Calisher, C.H. 2000. West Nile virus in the New World: appearance, persistence, and adaptation to a new econiche—an opportunity taken. Viral Immunology 13(4):411-414.
- Campbell, G.L., A.A. Marfin, R.S. Lanciotti, and D.J. Gubler. 2002. West Nile virus. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2(9):519-529.
- Hayes E.B, N. Komar, R.S. Nasc, S.P. Montgomery, D.R. O'Leary, G.L. Campbell. 2005. Epidemiology and transmission dynamics of West Nile virus disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases 11(8):1167-1173.
- Mackenzie, J.S., D.J. Gubler, and L.R. Petersen. 2004. Emerging flaviviruses: the spread and resurgence of Japanese encephalitis, West Nile and dengue viruses. Nature Medicine 10:S98–S109.