Maps updated to present. Select data by disease (WN), vector (mosquito), state, and year (includes historical data from 2003).
West Nile Virus
Google. YouTube; Animal Planet.
Google. YouTube; National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for West Nile Virus.
North Central Integrated Pest Management Center.
See also: Pest Alerts for more resources
DHHS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Provides links and resources for State Health Departments, many of which have information about Zika virus and West Nile virus with specific state information.
State and Local Government
Hawaii State Department of Health. Disease Outbreak Control Division.
Michigan Department of Natural Resources.
See the complete Wildlife Disease Manual for a list of diseases that are of significance to Michigan wildlife.
- Calisher, C.H. 2000. West Nile virus in the New World: appearance, persistence, and adaptation to a new econiche—an opportunity taken. Viral Immunology 13(4):411-414.
- Campbell, G.L., A.A. Marfin, R.S. Lanciotti, and D.J. Gubler. 2002. West Nile virus. Lancet Infectious Diseases 2(9):519-529.
- Hayes E.B, N. Komar, R.S. Nasc, S.P. Montgomery, D.R. O'Leary, G.L. Campbell. 2005. Epidemiology and transmission dynamics of West Nile virus disease. Emerging Infectious Diseases 11(8):1167-1173.
- ICTV. 2018. Genus: Flavivirus. Virus Taxonomy: 2018b Release.