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Water Spinach

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Water spinach
Scientific Name:

Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. (ITIS)

Common Name:
Water spinach, swamp morning glory, swamp morningglory
Swamp morning-glory (water spinach), flowers - Photo by Charles T. Bryson; USDA, Agricultural Research Service
Native To:

Asia (Lee 1998)

Date of U.S. Introduction:
Means of Introduction:

Horticultural escape (Lee 1998)


Crowds out native species (Lee 1998)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status

Federally Regulated

  • USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

    Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.



Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Water Spinach.


USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture.

IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Federal Government

USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

State and Local Government

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.


Missouri Botanical Garden.


  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Ipomoea aquatica. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

  • Langeland, K.A., and H.M. Cherry, C.M. McCormick, and K.A. Craddock Burks. 2008. Ipomoea aquatica (PDF | 70 KB) In: Identification and Biology of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas (2nd ed., p.67). Gainesville: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.

  • Lee, J. 1998. Handle this spinach with care. Agricultural Research 46(6): 26.