Virulent Newcastle Disease
USDA Launches New Biosecurity Campaign Asking All Poultry Owners, Workers and Hobbyists to Protect the Health of Live Poultry (Nov 16, 2018)USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service is launching a new outreach campaign focused on preventing the spread of infectious poultry diseases in both commercial and backyard poultry. Considering the devastating impact of the highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak in 2014-2015, as well as this year’s outbreak of virulent Newcastle disease, the timing is right for everyone in the poultry community to work together to protect the health of our nation’s flocks. The “Defend the Flock” campaign to promote biosecurity combines and updates two previous campaigns that were each targeted at a specific segment of the poultry population.
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.Secretary Perdue is making available an additional $45 million to the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and its partners to address the ongoing virulent Newcastle disease (vND) outbreak in southern California. This funding will allow APHIS and the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) to strengthen their joint efforts to stop the spread of this disease and prevent it from affecting additional commercial flocks. vND has been confirmed in more than 435 backyard flocks since May 2018. It was also confirmed in four commercial flocks in December 2018 and January 2019.
First outbreak in the U.S. occurred in 1971. The disease was eradicated, but additional outbreaks have occurred in 2002-2003 and 2018. (California Department of Food and Agriculture)
Foot-and-mouth Disease, Newcastle Disease, Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza, African Swine Fever, Classical Swine Fever, Swine Vesicular Disease, And Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy: Prohibited And Restricted ImportationsU.S. Government Printing Office. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.Title 9: Animals and Animal Products, Part 94
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State and Local Government
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Animal Health Branch.
Amarasinghe, G.K., Y. Bào, C.F. Basler, et al. 2017. Taxonomy of the order Mononegavirales: update 2017. Archives of Virology 162(8):2493-2504.
Brown, V.R., and S.N. Bevins. 2017. A review of virulent Newcastle disease viruses in the United States and the role of wild birds in viral persistence and spread. Veterinary Research 48:68.
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Virulent Newcastle Disease: Historical Virulent Newcastle Disease Incidents.