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Tropical Soda Apple

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Tropical soda apple
Scientific Name:
Solanum viarum Dunal (ITIS)
Common Name:
Tropical soda apple
Tropical soda apple, foliage - Photo by Karan Rawlins; University of Georgia
Native To:
South America (Waggy 2009)
Date of U.S. Introduction:
First discovered in 1988 (Waggy 2009)
Means of Introduction:
Probably through contaminated seed or other agricultural products (Waggy 2009)
Crowds out native species and forage for livestock (Waggy 2009)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status

Federally Regulated

  • USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

    Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.



Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Tropical Soda Apple.


USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture.

IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Federal Government

USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

International Government

New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).

State and Local Government

Alabama Forestry Commission.

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry.


University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources

University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. TAME Invasives Portal.

Mississippi State University.


  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Solanum viarum. [Accessed Mar 22, 2015].
  • Waggy, M.A. 2009. Solanum viarum. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.