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Oriental Fruit Fly

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Oriental fruit fly
Scientific Name:

Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel, 1912) (ITIS)

Common Name:
Oriental fruit fly (OFF)
Oriental Fruit Fly, Adults Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry
Native To:

First recorded in Taiwan (Shi et al. 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction:

Introduced to Hawaii in the 1940s; several infestations in the continental U.S. have been discovered since then, triggering eradication programs (Weems and Heppner 2016)

Means of Introduction:

Possibly introduced to Hawaii by U.S. military troops returning after World War II (Weems and Heppner 2016)


Destructive pest of fruits and vegetables (Weems and Heppner 2016)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status




Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Oriental Fruit Fly.


USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.

See also: Citrus Resource

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Federal Government

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

International Government

State and Local Government

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.

Contains fact sheets and other resources for Mediterranean fruit fly, Mexican fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly

California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.


University of Hawaii. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Integrated Pest Management Program.
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY083


California Foundation for Agriculture in the Classroom.
See also: Stop the Invasion Fact Sheet Set for more resources

Pest Fruit Flies of the World.

Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing.