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Mexican Fruit Fly

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Mexican fruit fly
Scientific Name:
Anastrepha ludens (Loew, 1873) (ITIS)
Anastrepha lathana, Trypeta ludens (ITIS)
Common Name:
Mexican fruit fly, Mexfly
Mexican Fruit Fly - In grapefruit as well as many other fruits, one female Mexican fruit fly can deposit large numbers of eggs: up to 40 eggs at a time, 100 or more a day, and about 2,000 over her life span - Jack Dykinga, USDA. Agricultural Research Serv
Native To:
Mexico and Central America (Flitters and Messenger 1965)
Date of U.S. Introduction:
First observed as a winter migrant in southern Texas in 1903, with infestations occurring beginning in 1927; it was first discovered outside of its usual range in 1954 (Flitters and Messenger 1965)
Means of Introduction:
Migrates into southern Texas from Mexico; may be introduced to other areas through the movement of infested fruit (Aluja 1994; Thomas 2004)
Larvae attack at least 60 varieties of fruit, particularly citrus and mangoes (Thomas 2004)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status




Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.


USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Texas Citrus Pest and Disease Management Corporation.
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Federal Government

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

State and Local Government

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.
Contains fact sheets and other resources for Mediterranean fruit fly, Mexican fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.


University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY201


Pest Fruit Flies of the World.

Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing.