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Mediterranean Fruit Fly

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Mediterranean fruit fly
Scientific Name:

Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (ITIS)


Ceratitis citriperda (MacLeay), Ceratitis hispanica (De Brême), Paradalaspis asparagi (Bezzi), Tephritis capitata (Wiedemann) (ITIS)

Common Name:

Mediterranean fruit fly, Medfly

Male medfly resting on a leaf - Scott Bauer, USDA. Agricultural Research Service, Photo Unit
Native To:

Sub-Saharan Africa (Silva et al. 2003)

Date of U.S. Introduction:

1910 (Hawaii); infestations in the continental U.S. began in 1929 (APHIS 2003; Silva et al. 2003)

Means of Introduction:

Usually through imported fruit and other crops infested with fruit fly larvae (Silva et al. 2003)


Attacks over 200 species of fruits and vegetables (APHIS 2003)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status


  • U.S. Government Printing Office. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.
  • USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

    A Federal Order is a legal document issued in response to an emergency when the Administrator of APHIS considers it necessary to take regulatory action to protect agriculture or prevent the entry and establishment into the United States of a pest or disease. Federal Orders are effective immediately and contain the specific regulatory requirements.

  • USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

    Includes information for Mexican Fruit Fly, Mediterranean Fruit Fly, and Oriental Fruit Fly

  • USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

    See what states have a federal quarantine for any of the targeted Hungry Pests, and identify which pests or diseases are at greatest risk due to a suitable habitat. In addition to federal quarantines, state-level quarantines might apply see State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations (National Plant Board).



Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Mediterranean Fruit Fly.


USDA. APHIS. PPQ. CPHST. Identification Technology Program.

See also: Citrus Resource

European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

International Government

State and Local Government

Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.

Contains fact sheets and other resources for Mediterranean fruit fly, Mexican fruit fly, and Oriental fruit fly

California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.


University of Hawaii. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Integrated Pest Management Program.
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY214
Arizona State University. Agriculture and Life Sciences.
See also: Citrus Insect Pests for more factsheets


Pest Fruit Flies of the World.

Version: Dec 8, 2006; using DELTA format (DEscription Language for TAxonomy) is a flexible method for encoding taxonomic descriptions for computer processing.