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Fig Buttercup

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Fig buttercup
Scientific Name:
Ficaria verna Huds. (formerly known as Ranunculus ficaria L.) (Emadzade et al. 2010)
Common Name:
Fig buttercup, lesser celandine
Fig buttercup, flowers; close-up - Photo by Leslie J. Mehrhoff; University of Connecticut
Native To:
Date of U.S. Introduction:
First identified in 1867 (Post et al. 2009)
Means of Introduction:
Introduced as an ornamental (Post et al. 2009)
Crowds out native species (Axtell et al. 2010)
Current U.S. Distribution:
Northeastern U.S. and Pacific Northwest

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status


Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.


IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Federal Government

USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

State and Local Government

Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Cornell University Cooperative Extension. Oneida County.
See also: Home and Garden - Weeds for more fact sheets
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)