European Spruce Bark Beetle
Europe and Asia (Wood and Bright 1992)
Not currently established in the U.S. (Økland et al. 2011)
trong>Means of Introduction: Intercepted in packing crates and unprocessed wood items at ports (Haack 2001)
Destructive pest of spruce (Picea spp.) that has caused extensive tree losses in Europe (CABI)
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European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.
Michigan State University. Integrated Pest Management Program.
CABI. Invasive Species Compendium. Ips typographus. CAB International. [Accessed Nov 24, 2015].
Cognato, A.I., and J.H. Sun. 2007. DNA based cladograms augment the discovery of a new Ips species from China (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) Cladistics 23(6):539-551.
Haack, R.A. 2001. Intercepted Scolytidae at U.S. ports of entry: 1985-2000 (PDF | 195 KB). Integrated Pest Management Reviews 6(3):253-282.
Økland, B., N. Erbilgin, O. Skarpaas, E. Christiansen, and B. Långström. 2011. Inter-species interactions and ecosystem effects of non-indigenous invasive and native tree-killing bark beetles. Biological Invasions 13(5):1151-1164.
Wood, S.L. and D.E. Bright. 1992. A catalog of Scolytidae and Platypodidae (Coleoptera). Part 2: taxonomic index. Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 13:835-1557.