Classical Swine Fever
Origin unknown; may be native to the U.S. (ARS 1978)
Reported in Ohio in 1833. Eradicated in the U.S. in 1978 (APHIS 2008)
The virus is most often transmitted through the ingestion of contaminated feed or garbage. (APHIS 2008)
Highly contagious, viral disease of pigs that is usually fatal. The disease is still present in many countries, so there is a risk that it could become established in this country once again. While classical swine fever does not cause foodborne illness in people, economic losses to pork producers would be severe if the disease were to become established again in this country. (APHIS 2008)
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APHIS. 2008. Classical Swine Fever (PDF | 40 KB). USDA, APHIS Veterinary Services. Factsheet.
ARS. 1978. Eradicating hog cholera. Agricultural Research 26(9):8-12.
Paton, D.J., A. McGoldrick, I. Greiser-Wilke, S. Parchariyanon, J.-Y. Song, P.P. Liou, T. Stadejek, J.P. Lowings, H. Björklund, and S. Belák. 2000. Genetic typing of classical swine fever virus. Veterinary Microbiology 73(2-3):137-157.