Believed to have originated in Southeast Asia or India (Polek 2007)
First discovered in 1910, but eradicated in 1931; another outbreak was discovered in 1986, and again in 1995 (Dewdney 2013)
First arrived in seedlings imported from Japan in 1910 (Dewdney 2013)
Bacterial disease that infects citrus trees, where it destroys fruit and causes decreased production (CABI)
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services.
U.S. Government Printing Office. Electronic Code of Federal Regulations.
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry.
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Australian Plant Biosecurity Cooperative Research Centre. Pests and Diseases Image Library.
The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.
State and Local Government
University of California. Agriculture and Natural Resources.
ANR Publication 8218
See also: Plant Diagnostic Center - Publications for more resources
CABI. Invasive Species Compendium. Xanthomonas citri. CAB International. [Accessed Feb 9, 2017].
Dewdney, M.M., P.D. Roberts, J.H. Graham, K.R. Chung, and M. Zekri. 2013. Homeowner Fact Sheet: Citrus Canker. University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #PP194.
Polek, M., G. Vidalakis, and K. Godfrey. 2007. Citrus Bacterial Canker Disease and Huanglongbing (Citrus Greening). University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Publication 8218.