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Chinese Mitten Crab

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Chinese mitten crab
Scientific Name:
Eriocheir sinensis (ITIS)
Common Name:
Chinese mitten crab
Photo:
Chinese mitten crab, adult - Photo by Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

Spotlights

  • Smithsonian Environmental Research Center.
    Are you a crabber, waterman, or concerned citizen? We need your help to detect and assess the status of Chinese Mitten Crabs along the Atlantic and the Gulf Coasts. Recently a new website, Mitten Crab Watch, has been launched to provide information on the invasion of the mitten crab and to allow users to more easily report catches.
Native To:
Pacific coast of China and Korea (NAS Database)
Date of U.S. Introduction:
1991 (West Coast); 2005 (East Coast) (NAS Database)
Means of Introduction:
Ballast water (also possibly through intentional releases) (Cohen and Carlton 1997)
Impact:
Interference with fish salvage operations, fish passage facilities, water treatment plants, power plants, and other facilities (Cohen and Weinstein 2001)
Current U.S. Distribution:
West Coast; Great Lakes; Chesapeake Bay

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status

Federally Regulated

  • DOI. FWS. Fish and Aquatic Conservation.

    Includes species listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act, which makes it illegal in the United States to import, export, or transport between States without a permit. Regulation of transport or use within a State is the responsibility of each State. Possession of a species within State boundaries is also the responsibility of each State and is not regulated by an injurious wildlife listing. Injurious wildlife are wild mammals, wild birds, amphibians, reptiles, fishes, crustaceans, mollusks and their offspring or eggs that are injurious to the interests of human beings, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, wildlife or wildlife resources of the U.S. Plants and organisms other than those stated above cannot be listed as injurious wildlife.
    See also: Injurious Wildlife: A Summary of the Injurious Provisions of the Lacey Act (Dec 2017; PDF | 401 KB)

Videos

Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.

Council or Task Force

Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.

Partnership

IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Mitten Crab Recording Project (United Kingdom).
Northeast Aquatic Nuisance Species Panel.
European Network on Invasive Alien Species.
See also: NOBANIS Fact Sheets for invasive alien species of the European region, covering both animals and plants, as well as microorganisms
Great Britain Non-Native Species Secretariat.
Narragansett Bay Research Reserve. Coastal Training Program.

Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Federal Government

Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.
DOI. USGS. Wetland and Aquatic Research Center.
Provides distribution maps and collection information (State and County).

State and Local Government

California Department of Fish and Wildlife.
New York Department of Environmental Conservation.

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Academic

Washington Sea Grant.
Pennsylvania State University. Pennsylvania Sea Grant.
See also: Aquatic Invasive Species: Resources for additional species information

Professional

Prince William Sound Regional Citizens' Advisory Council.
See also: Marine Invasive Species for more fact sheets

Citations