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Burmese Python

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Burmese python in the grass
Scientific Name:
Python molurus bivittatus Kuhl, 1820 (ITIS)
Common Name:
Burmese python
Photo:
Burmese Python in the Everglades - Photo by National Park Service
Native To:
Southeast Asia (Harvey et al. 2016)
Date of U.S. Introduction:
Established populations were first reported in 2000 (Harvey et al. 2016)
Means of Introduction:
Imported to the U.S. for the pet trade; wild populations became established from animals that escaped or were intentionally released (Harvey et al. 2016)
Impact:
Preys on native species, some of which are endangered (such as the Key Largo woodrat, Neotoma floridana smalli); may also compete with threatened native species, such as the indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) (Harvey et al. 2016)
Current U.S. Distribution:
South Florida

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status

Federally Regulated

  • DOI. FWS. Fish and Aquatic Conservation.

    Includes species listed as injurious wildlife under the Federal Lacey Act (18 USC 42), which makes it illegal to import injurious wildlife into the United States or transport between the listed jurisdictions in the shipment clause (the continental United States, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any possession of the United States) without a permit. An injurious wildlife listing would not prohibit intrastate transport or possession of that species within a State where those activities are not prohibited by the State.

    Injurious wildlife are wild mammals, wild birds, amphibians, reptiles, fishes, crustaceans, mollusks and their offspring or eggs that are injurious to the interests of human beings, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, wildlife or wildlife resources of the U.S. Plants and organisms other than those stated above cannot be listed as injurious wildlife.
    See also: Injurious Wildlife: A Summary of the Injurious Provisions of the Lacey Act (Dec 2017; PDF | 401 KB)

Images

Videos

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Burmese Python.

Partnership

IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Everglades Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area.
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Federal Government

DOI. National Park Service.

State and Local Government

Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.
Collier Soil and Water Conservation District (Florida).
South Florida Water Management District.

Academic

University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources
University of Florida. Florida Museum of Natural History.

Professional

Citations