First identified in Europe (Aguayo et al. 2013)
European introductions occurred through infected nursery stock (Adams et al. 2008)
Infects and kills alder trees (trees of the genus Alnus) (Gibbs et al. 1999)
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Adams, G.C., M. Catal, L. Trummer, E.M. Hansen, P. Reeser, and J.J. Worrall. 2008. Phytophthora alni subsp. uniformis found in Alaska beneath thinleaf alders. Plant Health Progress.
Aguayo, J., G.C. Adams, F. Halkett, M. Catal, C. Husson, Z.A. Nagy, E.M. Hansen, B. Marcais, and P. Frey. 2013. Strong genetic differentiation between North American and European populations of Phytophthora alni subsp. uniformis. Phytopathology 103(2):190-199.
Brasier, C.M., S.A. Kirk, J. Delcan, D.E. Cooke, T. Jung, and W.A. in 't Veld. 2004. Phytophthora alni sp. nov. and its variants: designation of emerging heteroploid hybrid pathogens spreading on Alnus trees. Mycological Research 108(1):1172-1184.
Gibbs, J.N., M.A. Lipscombe and A.J. Peace. 1999. The impact of Phytophthora disease on riparian populations of common alder (Alnus glutinosa) in Southern Britain. European Journal of Forestry 29(1):1-88.