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Africanized Honeybee

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Africanized honey bee
Scientific Name:

Apis mellifera scutellata Lepeletier (Ellis and Ellis 2008; Sheppard and Smith 2000)

Common Name:
Africanized honeybee, African honey bee (AHB), killer bee
Adult of the African strain of the honey bee seen at the edge of the Ngorongoro Crater - Photo by Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University
Native To:

Originally from Africa; first hybridized in South America (Hall et al. 2010)

Date of U.S. Introduction:

1990, first found in southern Texas (Hall et al. 2010)

Means of Introduction:

Imported and bred with European honey bees to increase honey production (Hall et al. 2010)


More aggressive than European honeybees; negative impact on honey production industry (Hall et al. 2010)

Distribution/Maps/Survey Status



Selected Resources

The section below contains selected highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. To view all related content for this species, click on "View all resources for species" in the top left of this page.


IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

USDA. ARS. Carl Hayden Bee Research Center.

State and Local Government

Utah Department of Agriculture and Food.
Since 2009 the Utah Department of Agriculture and Food (UDAF) has tracked the movement of Africanized honeybees (AHB) in the State of Utah. UDAF has set traps, monitored feral colonies and tested suspected managed honeybees. As of 2017 these efforts have revealed that AHB are currently present in: Iron, San Juan, Kane, Garfield, Wayne, Grand, Emery and Washington counties. UDAF will continue to monitor AHB in the state and will notify local governments, beekeepers, and the public when AHB move into new areas.
San Mateo County Department of Agriculture/Weights and Measures (California).
Orange County Vector Control District (California).
See also: Information Bulletins on other vectors/pests

Arkansas Agriculture Department. Arkansas State Plant Board.

San Diego County Agriculture Weights and Measures (California).
Los Angeles County West Vector and Vector-Borne Control District (California).
California Department of Food and Agriculture. Plant Health Division. Pest Detection/Emergency Projects Branch.
North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry Division. Plant Protection Section.


University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.
Oklahoma State University. Entomology & Plant Pathology.

University of California - Davis. Agriculture and Natural Resources.

ANR Publication 8068
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources
University of California - Riverside. Entomology.
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.
New Mexico State University. Library Digital Collections.