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Scientific Name

Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S. T. Blake (ITIS)

Common Name

Melaleuca, punktree, naiouli, cajeput tree, paper bark, broadleaf paper bark, broadleaf teatree, paperbark teatree, bottlebrush tree

Native To

Australia (Turner et al. 1997)

Date of U.S. Introduction

Early 1900s (Turner et al. 1997)

Means of Introduction

Used as an ornamental and for erosion control (Turner et al. 1997)


Degrades wetlands in several ways, including altering fire regimes, water table depth, vertical structure of plant communities, recruitment of native species, and light availability (Center et al. 2012)

Image use policy

Melaleuca, plants


Photo by Min B. Rayamajhi; USDA, Agricultural Research Service

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Distribution / Maps / Survey Status

Federally Regulated

  • Noxious Weeds Program

    • USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.

    • Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.


Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source.

Federal Government
State and Local Government