Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S. T. Blake (ITIS)
Melaleuca, punktree, naiouli, cajeput tree, paper bark, broadleaf paper bark, broadleaf teatree, paperbark teatree, bottlebrush tree
Australia (Turner et al. 1997)
Early 1900s (Turner et al. 1997)
Used as an ornamental and for erosion control (Turner et al. 1997)
Degrades wetlands in several ways, including altering fire regimes, water table depth, vertical structure of plant communities, recruitment of native species, and light availability (Center et al. 2012)
Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.
Google. YouTube; University of Florida. IFAS. Lee County Extension.
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Melaleuca.
USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture.
University of Florida. IFAS. TAME Melaleuca.
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.
State and Local Government
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Division of Plant Industry.
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.
Center, T.D., M.F. Purcell, P.D. Pratt, et al. 2012. Biological control of Melaleuca quinquenervia: an Everglades invader. BioControl 57:151–165.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Melaleuca quinquenervia. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].
Turner, C., T. Center, D. Burrows, et al. 1997. Ecology and management of Melaleuca quinquenervia, an invader of wetlands in Florida, U.S.A. Wetlands Ecology and Management 5:165–178.