Arundo donax L. (ITIS)
Giant reed, Spanish reed
Thought to be native to eastern Asia (Polunin & Huxley 1987)
Early 1800's (Mariani et al. 2010)
Introduced for erosion control (Mariani et al. 2010)
Crowds out native plants species; reduces wildlife habitat; contributes to higher fire frequency and intensity; and modifies river hydrology (Giessow et al. 2011)
USDA. Agricultural Research Service.
Along the Rio Grande in Texas, tiny insects are taking a big bite out of an invasive weed that competes for limited water resources vital to agriculture and native vegetation. Several years ago, ARS scientists released two insect species as part of a biocontrol program to kill giant reed (Arundo donax).
Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Giant Reed.
Council or Task Force
California Invasive Plant Council.
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).
Centre for Invasive Species Solutions; Atlas of Living Australia; Australian Government. Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment.
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.
State and Local Government
Texas Parks and Wildlife.
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Conservation Services Division. Noxious Weed Program.
University of California - Riverside. Center for Invasive Species Research.
Mississippi State University. Geosystems Research Institute.
See also: Species Factsheets for more fact sheets
University of California, Santa Barbara. Marine Science Institute. Riparian Invasions Research Laboratory.
Giessow, J., J. Casanova, R. Leclerc, R. MacArthur, G. Fleming, J. Giessow (Else). 2011. Arundo donax (giant reed): Distribution and Impact Report. Prepared by the California Invasive Plant Council for the State Water Resources Control Board. Agreement No. 06-374-559-0.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Arundo donax. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].
Mariani, C., R. Cabrini, A. Danin, P. Piffanelli, A. Fricano, S. Gomarasca, M. Dicandilo, F. Grassi, and C. Soave. 2010. Origin, diffusion and reproduction of the giant reed (Arundo donax L.): a promising weedy energy crop. Annals of Applied Biology 157:191-202.
Polunin, O. and A. Huxley. 1987. Flowers of the Mediterranean. London: Hogarth Press.