Bythotrephes longimanus (Leydig, 1860) (ITIS)
Bythotrephes cederstroemi (Yan et al. 2011)
Spiny water flea
Eurasia (Yan et al. 2011)
First discovered in Lake Huron in 1984; established in all of the Great Lakes by 1987 (Cullis 1988)
Most likely introduced through ballast water (Yan et al. 2011)
Distribution / Maps / Survey Status
The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Or, to display all related content view all resources for Spiny Water Flea.
Council or Task Force
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force. Stop Aquatic Hitchhikers.
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.
St. Lawrence - Eastern Lake Ontario Partnership For Regional Invasive Species Management (New York).
State and Local Government
New York Department of Environmental Conservation.
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
University of Minnesota. Minnesota Aquatic Invasive Species Research Center.
Invasive Species Centre (Ontario).
Branstrator, D.K. 1995. Ecological interactions between Bythotrephes cederstroemi and Leptodora kindtii and the implications for species replacement in Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 21:670-679.
Cullis, K.I., and G.E. Johnson. 1988. First evidence of the cladoceran Bythotrephes cederstroemi Schoedler in Lake Superior. Journal of Great Lakes Research 14:524-525.
Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Bythotrephes longimanus. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].
Vanderploeg, H.A., T.F. Nalepa, D.J. Jude, E.L. Mills, K.T. Holeck, J.R. Liebig, I.A. Grigorovich, and H. Ojaveer. 2002. Dispersal and emerging ecological impacts of Ponto-Caspian species in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59:1209-1228.
Yan, N.D., B. Leung, M.A. Lewis, and S.D. Peacor. 2011. The spread, establishment and impacts of the spiny water flea, Bythotrephes longimanus, in temperate North America: a synopsis of the special issue. Biological Invasions 13:2423.