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Integrated Pest Management

Integrated pest management

Provides selected resources for Integrated Pest Management from agencies and organizations with an interest in the prevention, control, or eradication of invasive species.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a process you can use to solve pest problems while minimizing risks to people and the environment. IPM is a science-based decision-making process that combines tools and strategies to identify and manage pests.
See also: What is IPM? (Southern IPM Center)

IPM is an ecosystem-based strategy that focuses on long-term prevention of pests or their damage through a combination of techniques such as biological control, habitat manipulation, modification of cultural practices, and use of resistant varieties. Pesticides are used only after monitoring indicates they are needed according to established guidelines, and treatments are made with the goal of removing only the target organism. Pest control materials are selected and applied in a manner that minimizes risks to human health, beneficial and nontarget organisms, and the environment.

The principles of IPM include:

  • Identify pests, their hosts, and beneficial organisms before taking action.
  • Establish monitoring guidelines for each pest species.
  • Evaluate and implement control tactics.
  • Monitor, evaluate, and document the results.

As defined in 7 U.S.C. § 136r (United States Code, Title 7 - Agriculture), IPM is "a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical, and chemical tools in a way that minimizes economic, health, and environmental risks." This law requires federal agencies to use IPM in their pest management activities and to promote IPM in their regulations, procurement, and other activities.


  • NIFA Invests $19.6M in Crop Protection and Pest Management

    • Sep 26, 2023
    • USDA. National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

    • NIFA is supporting 76 projects addressing high priority issues related to all pests, and their management using Integrated Pest Management Program (IPM) approaches at the state, regional and national levels with more than $19.6 million in funding. The Crop Protection and Pest Management Program (CPPM) supports projects that will increase food security and respond effectively to other major societal challenges with comprehensive IPM approaches that are economically viable, ecologically prudent, and safe for human health.

  • National Integrated Pest Management Coordinating Committee (NIPMCC) Whitepapers

    • June 2021
    • Northeastern Integrated Pest Management Center. IPM Insights (June 2021: Volume 18, Issue 1).

    • The National Integrated Pest Management Coordinating Committee (NIPMCC) has released a series of whitepapers explaining how pests threaten the security of the U.S. food supply, how an IPM approach offers the most effective means of managing pests, and why ongoing investment in IPM research and extension is critical to keeping pace with the ever-evolving nature of these threats. These new issue papers discuss role of IPM in combating resistance and invasive species, safeguarding food supply, and minimizing economic losses.

  • USDA Announces Update to National Road Map for Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

    • Oct 24, 2018
    • United States Department of Agriculture.

    • The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) announced today the first update since 2013 of the National Road Map for Integrated Pest Management (IPM) [Sep 21, 2018; PDF, 340 KB]. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a science-based, sustainable decision-making process that uses information on pest biology, environmental data, and technology to manage pest damage in a way that minimizes both economic costs and risks to people, property, and the environment.

  • Regional IPM Centers

    • National Information System for the Regional IPM Centers.

    • The four Regional Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Centers serve as a hub for multi-state partnerships and communication networks, linking researchers, growers, extension educators, commodity organizations, environmental groups, pest control professionals, government agencies and others. The regions include: Northern IPM Center, Southern IPM Center, North Central IPM Center, and the Western IPM Center.

      Funded by the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture to promote IPM, the Centers also coordinate, enhance, and facilitate the flow of resources and information in integrated pest management on a regional basis, including grants management, data acquisition and sharing, infrastructure development, and the documentation needed to provide accountability for resources used. Each regional center focuses on national efforts while maintaining the regional nature required for effective IPM programs.

Selected Resources

The section below contains highly relevant resources for this subject, organized by source.

  • Alaska Integrated Pest Management

    • University of Alaska - Fairbanks. Cooperative Extension Service.

    • The Alaska IPM program (AK IPM) addresses the public need for pest management education within the state.

  • Pests In The Home - What is Integrated Pest Management (IPM)?

    • USDA. National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

    • IPM is not a single pest control method but, rather, a series of pest management evaluations, decisions, and controls.

  • Regional IPM Centers - NIFA Key Programmatic Contacts

    • National Information System for the Regional IPM Centers.

    • Provides a searchable database for various key contacts, coordinators and experts.

  • Southern IPM Center

    • Southern IPM Center.

    • The annual competitive grants program, Southern IPM Grants, (formerly Enhancement Grants) regionally address Global Food Security challenges including invasive species, endangered species, pest resistance, and impacts resulting from regulatory actions. All projects must further their mission, which is to foster the development and adoption of Integrated Pest Management (IPM), a science-based approach to managing pests in ways that generate economic, environmental, and human health benefits. Funding is outcome-based.

Federal Government
  • NIFA Crop Protection and Pest Management Program (CPPM)

    • USDA. National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

    • The Crop Protection and Pest Management (CPPM) program addresses high priority issues related to pests (including insects, nematodes, pathogens, and weeds) and their management using IPM approaches at the state, regional and national levels. Scroll to view the section for "Related Funding Opportunities."

  • NIFA Integrated Pest Managemnt Program (IPM)

    • USDA. National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

    • NIFA partners with researchers and educators in the Land-Grant University System and the private sector to develop and implement new ways to address these complex pest management issues. NIFA provides funding to support extension IPM implementation and pesticide applicator safety programs in 50 states and six territories, the Minor Crop Pest Management Program (IR-4), four regional IPM centers, and numerous grants programs. Each of these investments contributes to the development of safe and effective IPM systems that increase farm profitability, reduce environmental and human health risks, and protect natural resources.

  • Areawide Pest Management

    • USDA. Agricultural Research Service.

    • Areawide Pest Management (AWPM) is the systematic reduction of a target pest(s) to predetermined levels using uniformly applied pest mitigation measures over geographical areas clearly defined by biologically-based criteria (e.g., pest colonization, dispersal potential). This storymap provides the following: Background, Current Projects, Success Stories, and Data Exploration. The program has six active projects on crops, insects, invasive plants, and agronomic weeds spread across the US. These updates provide a brief summary, current status and projections along with photos and graphs.
      Note: Success Stories include The Ecological Areawide Management (TEAM) of Leafy Spurge, Invasive Annual Grasses (cheatgrass medusahead),  Fruit Flies (Mediterranean fruit fly, melon fly, Oriental fruit fly, and Malaysian fruit fly).

  • Federal Integrated Pest Management

    • United States Department of Agriculture.

    • The Office of Pest Management Policy is responsible for communicating across federal agencies to promote the development of pest management strategies that reduce the economic, environmental, and public health risks from pests as well as from the methods used to control them in agricultural and natural resource environments.

  • Introduction to Integrated Pest Management

    • Environmental Protection Agency.

  • YouTube - Integrated Pest Management Webinars

    • Google. YouTube; DOI. NPS.Integrated Pest Management Program.

    • The National Park Service (NPS)'s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program offers webinar topics such as Invasive Species, Pesticide Safety, the Pesticide Use Proposal System (PUPS), and Museum Management. Provides archived webinars presented by NPS and other DOI agency employees, DOI contractors, USDA/USFS employees, and university professors.
      See also: Integrated Pest Management Training Series (National Park Service)

International Government
State and Local Government
  • Pennsylvania Integrated Pest Management

    • Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.

    • The Department is required by the Pesticide Control Act of 1973, as amended in 1987, to educate all pesticide applicators about Integrated Pest Management (IPM) control methods as a part of license recertification requirements.

      In addition, Pennsylvania is a signatory party to the Chesapeake Bay resolution which encourages the promotion of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices to citizens as a method to reduce toxics in the Bay.

  • U.S. Virgin islands Integrated Pest Management

    • University of the United States Virgin Islands. Cooperative Extension Service.

  • Alabama Integrated Pest Management

    • Alabama Cooperative Extension System.

  • California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program

    • University of California. Agriculture and Natural Resources.

    • The University of California Statewide IPM Program (UC IPM) helps residents, growers, land managers, community leaders, and other professional pest managers prevent and solve pest problems with the least unintended impacts on people and their surroundings.

  • Colorado Integrated Pest Management

    • Colorado State University. College of Agricultural Sciences.

  • Connecticut Integrated Pest Management Program

    • University of Connecticut. College of Agriculture, Health, and Natural Resources.

    • Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a sustainable and scientific approach to managing pests. IPM practitioners base decisions on information that is collected systematically as they integrate economic, environmental and social goals. This approach applies to any situation, agricultural or urban, and is flexible enough to accommodate the changing demands of agriculture, commerce and society.

      The University of Connecticut IPM Program staff members work directly with and provide educational outreach to commercial growers, natural area managers, groundskeepers, educators and the general public in Connecticut. In addition, they conduct research and offer extension programs in these areas: Fruit, Greenhouse, Invasive Species, IPM Curriculum, Nursery, Turf & Landscape and Vegetables.

  • Idaho Integrated Pest Management Center

    • University of Idaho. Extension.

    • The goal of the University of Idaho Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Center is to provide educational information and resources for the pest management needs of Idaho. We strive to help the people of Idaho reduce risks to human health, the environment and the economy caused by pests and pest management practices.

  • Illinois Integrated Pest Management Program

    • University of Illinois. Extension.

    • The Illinois Integrated Pest Management Program areas of emphasis include Specialty Crops, School IPM, Pest Diagnostics and Area Wide Monitoring.

  • Iowa Integrated Pest Management

    • Iowa State University.

  • Kentucky Integrated Pest Management Programs

    • University of Kentucky. Entomology.

  • Massachusetts Integrated Pest Management Program

    • University of Massachusetts - Amherst. Extension.

    • The University of Massachusetts Extension Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Program is a systems-oriented educational program that involves an interdisciplinary approach to ecosystem management, agricultural crop production and community pest management. This approach incorporates mechanisms for accurate estimation of both pest and beneficial insect populations, includes both economic and environmental cost and benefit assessments, and prescribes a combination of strategies for control of pest problems.

  • Michigan Integrated Pest Management Program

    • Michigan State University.

    • The IPM Program collaborates with faculty and Extension educators to develop diverse information serving growers of many crops, the landscape/turf “green” industry, and those looking for home and garden pest solutions.

  • Missouri Integrated Pest Management

    • University of Missouri-Columbia.

    • Integrated pest management (IPM) is a sustainable approach to managing insect, pathogen, and weed pests through a coordinated decision-making/action-taking process. The goal of IPM is to mitigate pest damage while protecting human health, environmental quality, and economic viability. The MU IPM program is partially funded by a federal grant. It is multidisciplinary and involves a large team of scientists and extension specialists.

  • Montana Integrated Pest Management

    • Montana State University. Extension Service.

    • Working to reduce health and environmental risks from pest management, as well as improve practices, and increase Integrated Pest Management (IPM) adoption. Our focus areas involve tactics and tools for plant protection, enhancing agricultural biosecurity, and IPM for sustainable communities.  The program encompasses four areas; agronomic crops, communities, pest diagnostic facilities, and pesticide education.  The overall goal of the Integrated Pest Management program is to develop and deliver information on IPM practices in Montana.

  • New Hampshire Integrated Pest Management

    • University of New Hampshire. Cooperative Extension.

  • North Carolina Integrated Pest Management Program

    • North Carolina State University. Extension.

  • South Carolina Integrated Pest Management Program

    • Clemson University. Cooperative Extension.

    • The mission of the Clemson University IPM program is to develop interdisciplinary, research based information, and provide it to the public in efficient and accessible formats. The goals of the IPM program are driven by the needs of stakeholders, who have an integral part in developing the priorities of the program.

  • Washington Integrated Pest Management

    • Washington State University Extension.

    • The Washington State Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Extension Implementation Program is a coordinated outreach effort by a team of Washington State University Extension Specialists to bring IPM knowledge to agricultural and urban pest managers across the state of Washington. Our ultimate goal is to increase adoption of IPM practices, toward a pest management paradigm that reduces human health risks, minimizes adverse environmental impacts, and maximizes economic returns and sustainability.

  • Wisconsin Integrated Pest and Crop Management

    • University of Wisconsin. Extension.

    • The University of Wisconsin Nutrient and Pest Management Program (NPM) and Integrated Pest Management Program (IPM)—work to bring research-based information regarding Wisconsin farm profits, water quality, pest management, pesticide use practices, and nutrient management planning to Wisconsin farmers and landowners.