Science of the Total Environment 819 (2022) 153404
The global increase in biological invasions is placing growing pressure on the management of ecological and economic systems. However, the effectiveness of current management expenditure is difficult to assess due to a lack of standardised measurement across spatial, taxonomic and temporal scales.
Since 1960, management for biological invasions totalled at least $95.3 billion.
Damage costs from invasions were substantially higher ($1130.6 billion).
Pre-invasion management spending is 25-times lower than post-invasion.
Management and damage costs are increasing rapidly over time.
Proactive management substantially reduces future costs at the trillion-$ scale.
National Invasive Species Council; Biological Invasions.
Building on information provided by federal agencies and an inspection of the US Code and the Code of Federal Regulations, this article reviews and identifies relevant authorities to determine federal legal capacities, gaps, and inconsistencies to address EDRR. Although the Plant Protection Act and the Animal Health Protection Act are comprehensive authorities that address the detection of and response to organisms that threaten plant and livestock health, there is no single authority that encompasses EDRR for all invasive species. Rather, there is a patchwork of authorities that unevenly addresses various aspects of EDRR. See also: Early Detection and Rapid Response for more information.
Morisette, J., S. Burgiel, K. Brantley, et al. 2021. Strategic considerations for invasive species managers in the utilization of environmental DNA (eDNA): Steps for incorporating this powerful surveillance tool. Management of Biological Invasions. 12(3): 747-775.