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You are here: Home / Manager's Tool Kit / Prevention
Manager's Tool Kit

Provides general resources for prevention for invasive species. See other sections for species specific information:

Selected Resources:

CBP Agriculture Specialists in Florida Shine in Defending American Agriculture Across the Sunbelt (Jul 25, 2018)
DHS. Customs and Border Protection.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agriculture specialists have already intercepted a dozen significant and potentially destructive pests this year at various ports of entry in Florida as part of the agency's all-encompassing efforts to safeguard American agriculture.

Unknown pests pose a significant risk in agriculture due to a lack of knowledge in controlling the pests and the extent of damage they can cause to crops. U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) entomologists recently classified eight pests discovered by CBP agriculture specialists in Florida as first-in-the-nation interceptions and another pest as a new species.

The Benefits of Stopping Invasive Species Before They Invade (Aug 18, 2011)
Time Magazine.
The old saying "an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure" was ahead of its time when it comes to invasive species policy."

Best Management Practices for Invasive Species
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center.
Provides best management practices to prevent or mitigate invasive species establishment or movement.

Guide to Implementation of Phytosanitary Standards in Forestry (2011)
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
FAO Forestry Paper 164.
This guide, produced by an international group of scientists, phytosanitary authorities, forest experts and industry representatives and reviewed by more than 100 specialists from 46 countries, provides easy-to-understand information on how good forest management practices and well implemented phytosanitary standards can minimize pest spread and facilitate safe trade. The guide will be of vital interest to people involved in nursery activities, planting, managing, harvesting, manufacturing, trading and transporting forest products. It will also benefit forest policy-makers, planners, managers and educators, particularly in developing countries.
See also: Rap by Dr. Kerry Britton - Don't be Bugged By Pests - Go FAO! (YouTube Video)

Council or Task Force

Discussion Paper on the Screening Process for Intentional Introductions (Aug 2000; DOC | 160 KB)
National Invasive Species Council. Richard Orr.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.

Invasive Species Pathways Working Group: Focus Group Conference Report and Pathways Ranking Guide (June-August 2005) (Jul 2006; PDF | 1.08 MB)
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force.
Published by: National Invasive Species Council, Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, and NISC Prevention Committee Pathways Work Team

Responses to Questions on the Discussion Paper on the Screening Process (Aug 2000; DOC | 159 KB)
National Invasive Species Council. Richard Orr.


Denying Entry: Opportunities to Build Capacity to Prevent the Introduction of Invasive Species and Improve Biosecurity at US Ports (2007)
International Union for Conservation of Nature.
The aim of this report was to identify the resources, strategies, and policies necessary to create, maintain, and make accessible one or more commodity/invasive species databases that EPA and other relevant agencies can apply to trade policy decision-making in a timely and scientifically-based manner.

IUCN Guidelines for the Prevention of Biodiversity Loss Caused by Alien Invasive Species (PDF | 85 KB)
International Union for Conservation of Nature.
Prepared by the Species Survival Commission, Invasive Species Specialist Group (Approved Feb 2000)

Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Marine Biofouling and Invasive Species (2008; PDF | 1.32 MB)
Global Invasive Species Programme.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Point Planning for Natural Resource Management (HACCP) - Managing Natural Resource Pathways
DOI. Fish and Wildlife Service; University of Texas - Arlington.

Invasive Alien Species - A Toolkit of Best Prevention and Management Practices (2001; PDF | 1.62 MB)
CAB International; Global Invasive Species Programme.

Invasive Species: Preventing and Containing the Global Spread of Invaders (PDF | 1 MB)
Archive from the Nature Conservancy, Global Invasive Species Team.

Federal Government

Agriculture Canine
DHS. Customs and Border Protection.
Dogs have a long history of working in partnership with humans.  Building on this partnership between humans and dogs, U.S. Customs & Border Protection (CBP) detector dogs are a key tool for screening passengers and cargo to prevent the introduction of harmful plant pests and  foreign animal disease from entering the U.S. A trained agriculture dog can scan a piece of luggage for smuggled or forgotten fruits in mere seconds. 

Invasive Species Program: Prevention
USDA. FS. Invasive Species Program.
Includes various videos and publication resources for prevention through education.

APHIS' Plant Inspection Stations: Protecting American
Agriculture From Foreign Pests and Diseases (2007; PDF | 2.6 MB)

U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository).

Agricultural Information for International Travelers
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
USDA restricts or prohibits many items from entering the country because they could carry pests or diseases that could threaten human health or devastate the environment, crops, agricultural animals, ornamental plants, and community landscapes.

Beware of Invasive Species
DOT. Federal Highway Administration. Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center.
Adapted from several Department of Transportation sources, primarily Roadside Use of Native Plants, a handbook published by the Federal Highway Administration. Roadside Use of Native Plants provides state-by-state references on the use of native plants and how they can be used to benefit highway projects.

Inspection and Cleaning Manual for Equipment and Vehicles to Prevent the Spread of Invasive Species (May 2010; PDF | 13 MB)
DOI. Bureau of Reclamation. Policy and Program Services.
Technical Memorandum No. 86-68220-07-05
This manual provides recommendations for inspection and cleaning of vehicles and equipment as a prevention tool to limit the spread of invasive species. The manual will help equipment operators gain a better understanding of how invasive plants and animals are spread by contaminated equipment into new locations and has broad applications for many organizations and agencies.

Invasive Species Pathways Working Group: Pathways Ranking Guide and Proceedings Report, Focus Group Conference (Jun 21-22, 2005) (Dec 2005; DOC | 3.33 MB)
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center.
Published by: USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service; United States Department of the Interior; United States Department of Commerce.

Invasive Species Pathways Team Final Report (Oct 29, 2003; DOC | 315 KB)
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center.
Published by: Invasive Species Advisory Committee. Pathways Task Team.

Plant Inspection Stations
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

Playing Smart Against Invasive Species
USDA. FS. Invasive Species Program.
'Playing Smart Against Invasive Species' videos produced by the USDA Forest Service are excellent resources for education and public outreach. These videos explain how people can enjoy the great outdoors and avoid spreading invasive species along the way. Videos ranging from 6-27 minutes targets outdoor recreational users and includes camping, horseback riding, canoeing, snowmobiling, cross-country skiing, biking, and others.

Safeguarding American Plant Resources
USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection Quarantine.

Training and Implementation Guide for Pathway Definition, Risk Analysis and Risk Prioritization (Jan 2007; PDF | 1.36 MB)
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center.
Published by: Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force (ANSTF) and National Invasive Species Council (NISC) Prevention Committee via the Pathways Work Team.

International Government

Pets, Aquarium, and Terrarium Species: Best Practices for Addressing Risks to Biodiversity (2010; PDF | 874 KB)
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.
CBD Technical Series No. 48
This report is largely based on the 2008 Expert Workshop on Preventing Biological Invasions: Best Practices in Pre-Import Risk Screening for Species of Live Animals in International Trade (University of Notre Dame, Indiana, Apr 9-11, 2008), summarized in the report Best Practices in Pre-Import Risk Screening for Species of Live Animals in International Trade (2009; PDF | 2.01 MB), but contains additional information beyond what was covered in the workshop.

State Government

Pest Exclusion Branch
California Department of Food and Agriculture.


An Ounce of Prevention: How to Stop Invasive Insects and Diseases from Devastating U.S. Forests (Feb 2007; PDF | 556 KB)
Nature Conservancy. Global Forest Partnership, Forest Health Program.

North American Weed Free Forage and Gravel Program
North American Invasive Species Management Association.
There is a growing demand in North America for the use of certified weed free forage and mulch as a preventative program in integrated Weed Management Systems to limit the spread of noxious weeds. The goal of this standard is to provide a guideline to set minimum requirements
for uniform participation of the various provinces and states in the program.

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Last Modified: Sep 22, 2018
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