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You are here: Home / Manager's Tool Kit / Early Detection and Rapid Response
Manager's Tool Kit
Early Detection and Rapid Response

Provides general resources for detection methods for invasive species and coordinated responses to these threats. Early Detection and Rapid Response (EDRR) can stop the spread of new and emerging invasive species before they become established. It is one of the most cost-effective and ecologically viable methods for controlling invasive species and is well worth the effort to protect natural and agricultural resources.

See other sections for species specific information:

Species not Established in the U.S.
This section provides examples of why we must increase our efforts in early detection and rapid response and to prevent new introductions.

Selected Resources:


Invasive Alien Species - A Toolkit of Best Prevention and Management Practices (PDF | 1.62 MB)
CAB International; Global Invasive Species Programme.

iMapInvasives: Sharing Information for Strategic Management
Nature Conservancy. iMapInvasives.
Species of Concern; Management
iMapInvasives is an invasive species reporting and data management tool that is on-line and map-based. The primary focus for iMapInvasives is to track invasive species locations and management efforts. iMapInvasives tools can be used by citizen scientists, land owners, natural resources managers, and others who are working to prevent, control, or manage invasive species. The iMapInvasives network is currently comprised of nine U.S. states and one Canadian province (Arizona, Florida, Maine, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Saskatchewan, Vermont, and Virginia).

MetroInvasive - Globalization, Metropolitan Areas, Invasive Species
Collaborative project between Federal Agencies and Universities researchers. Provides a perspective that considers urban areas as hubs of human-mediated invasions in natural and managed ecosystems and provides resources to enhance our understanding of the role of international trade in the dissemination of invasive species. Contains maps of hot spots for human-mediated invasions where early detection strategies could be implemented.

Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN)
Michigan State University. Midwest Invasive Species Information Network.
The Midwest Invasive Species Information Network (MISIN) is a regional effort to develop and provide an early detection and rapid response (EDRR) resource for invasive species.

Neighborhood Watch: Early Detection and Rapid Response to Biological Invasion along US Trade Pathways (2009)
International Union for Conservation of Nature.
This report offers recommendations to improve biosecurity measures at U.S. ports, as well as a possible funding mechanism based upon the polluter-pays principle.

Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS)
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.
Provides distribution data at the State and County level and point locations.

Federal Government

Safeguarding America's Lands and Waters from Invasive Species: A National Framework for Early Detection and Rapid Response (2016; PDF | 2.26 MB)
U.S. Department of the Interior.
See also: Interior Department Announces Framework to Safeguard the Nation's Lands and Waters from Invasive Species (Feb 18, 2016)

Alien Species Early Detection and Warning System (Nov 2002; PDF | 69 KB)
DOC. NOAA. National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science.

Cumberland Piedmont Network - Invasive Species Early Detection Monitoring (ISED)
DOI. NPS. Inventory and Monitoring Program.

Eastern Rivers and Mountains Network - Early Detection of Invasive Species Monitoring
DOI. NPS. Inventory and Monitoring Program.

Early Warning System for Forest Health Threats in the United States
USDA. Forest Service. Forest Health Monitoring.

Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center (EFETAC)
USDA. Forest Service.
The mission of the Eastern Forest Environmental Threat Assessment Center is to generate, integrate, and apply knowledge to predict, detect, and assess environmental threats to public and private forests of the east, and to deliver this knowledge to managers in ways that are timely, useful, and user friendly.

Pest Detection
USDA. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

The Early Detectives: How to Use Volunteers Against Invasive Species, Case Studies of Volunteer Early Detection Programs in the U.S. (2003)
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center.
The University of Richmond, Environmental Studies Program
Editors: Kyle Hegamyer, Stephen P. Nash, Peter D. Smallwood

Review of Systems for Early Detection and Rapid Response (Jun 6, 2002; DOC | 846 KB)
USDA. NAL. National Invasive Species Information Center.
Jim Worrall, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Health Protection
For the National Invasive Species Council

International Government

Towards an Early Warning and Information System for Invasive Alien Species (IAS) Threatening Biodiversity in Europe (2010)
European Environment Agency.

State Government

Colorado - Early Detection Rapid Response
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Conservation Services Division. Noxious Weed Program.

Oregon - Early Detection and Rapid Response
Oregon Department of Agriculture.


Early Detection Rapid Response (EDRR)
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Early Detection Surveys - Invasive Species
Cornell University. Environmental Inquiry.

Forecasting Invasion Risks: Tools for Early Detection of Invasive Pests
Michigan State University. Integrated Pest Management Program.
Provides information about exotic plant pests with the highest potential to enter Michigan. These likely invaders are presented in fact sheets with descriptions of their biology and how to identify them. Risk maps forecast locations where invasives are likely to establish.

Global Monitoring for Disease Outbreaks - Project Argus
Georgetown University Medical Center. Imaging Science and Information Systems.
Videocast Presentation by Dr. James Wilson (Nov 29, 2007). Global detection and tracking system for the early detection of biological events. Uses non-traditional data to detect outbreaks of human, animal and plant diseases.


Early Detection and Reporting of Invasive Species Workshop Summary (PDF | 493 KB)
Strange Days on Planet Earth Impact Team
Nov 29, 2004 - Dec 1, 2004

Early Detection Rapid Response
North American Invasive Species Management Association.

Strategies for Effective State Early Detection/Rapid Response Programs for Plant Pests and Pathogens (May 2007)
Environmental Law Institute.
Funding for this report was provided by a grant from The Nature Conservancy.

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Last Modified: Jul 04, 2018
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