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Describes databases available online related to invasive species as well as general biodiversity. See other sections for species specific information, expertise, and geographic based information:


The following are general databases for invasive species, pest management, and agricultural related databases:

Invasive Species

Database: Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)
Host: Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Scope: The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) was established by governments in 2001 to encourage free and open access to biodiversity data, via the Internet. Through a global network of 57 countries and 47 organizations, GBIF promotes and facilitates the mobilization, access, discovery and use of information about the occurrence of organisms over time and across the planet.

Database: Global Invasive Species Database
Host: IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.
Scope: The Global Invasive Species Database aims to increase awareness about invasive alien species and to facilitate effective prevention and management activities. The database focuses on invasive alien species that threaten native biodiversity and covers all taxonomic groups from micro-organisms to animals and plants in all ecosystems. Species information is either supplied by or reviewed by expert contributors from around the world. Also see: 100 of the World's Worst Invasive Alien Species

Database: Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR)
Host:  U.S. Geological Survey; University of Hawai'i
Scope:  This Web site provides technology, methods, and information to decision-makers, resource managers, and the general public to aid in the fight against harmful alien species in Hawaii.  Its Harmful Non-Indigenous Species Database (HNIS) offers data on plant, vertebrate, and invertebrate invaders.

Database: Invasive and Exotic Species of North America - Invasive.org
Host: A joint project between University of Georgia - Bugwood Network and the U.S. Department of Agriculture
Scope: Over 8,300 images, including over 1,000 new images of invasive species (including many weeds) and their biological control agents, taken by over 250 photographers are available. Most images were digitized from high-resolution 35mm slides. Multiple levels of jpeg format images are downloadable and may be copied and used for any non-profit, educational purpose with appropriate credit and copyright notice. Although most images are North American in nature, the system also contains images of organisms that are "Non-U.S. Natives", or are considered to be "U.S. Invasives."

Database: Invasive Species Compendium (ISC)
Host: This database/compendium was partially funded by USAID and USDA along with a number of other donors, and it is now available to anyone with access to the internet. Their partner in developing this technical data base/compendium is CABI (formerly the UK's Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux (an association of all agriculture ministries from the UK and their Commonwealth countries/colonies, but in 1986 it became a public international organization).
Scope: The ISC is an encyclopaedic resource that brings together a wide range of different types of science-based information to support decision-making in invasive species management worldwide. It comprises detailed datasheets that have been written by experts, edited by an independent scientific organization, peer reviewed, and enhanced with data from specialist organizations, images, and maps, a bibliographic database and full text articles. New datasheets and data sets continue to be added, datasheets are reviewed and updated, and scientific literature added on a weekly basis. The ISC has been resourced by a diverse international Consortium of Government departments, Non-governmental organizations and private companies. The database is a living compendium and will grow over time.

Database: National Institute of Invasive Species Science NIISS)
Host: DOI. USGS. Fort Collins Science Center.
Scope: Developing cooperative approaches for invasive species science to meet the urgent needs of land managers and the public. Query comprehensive data by searching by location, by species, by project, or by map.

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Pest Management

Database: National IPM Database
HostU.S. Department of Agriculture
Scope: This database profiles various crop species grown in the U.S., and includes data about the arthropod and plant pests that affect them,  including invasive species.  Users can search by crop type, region, and/or key terms.  Each crop profiled includes listings of pest species and their potential damage, monitoring techniques, pest life history, and possible controls.

Database: Ecological Database of the World's Insect Pathogens
Host: Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois
Scope: The Ecological Database of the World's Insect Pathogens (EDWIP) offers information on fungi, viruses, protozoa, mollicutes, nematodes, and bacteria that are infectious in insects, mites, and related arthropods. Data in EDWIP include associations (or lack thereof) between pathogenic organisms and insect, mite, and other arthropod hosts. EDWIP also includes information on where associations have been observed, stages and tissues of hosts infected, and habitats and host ranges of the arthropod hosts.

Host:  EcoPort
Scope:  EcoPort is a communal database that enables individuals and institutions to pool their ecology information in one place.
Note: The plant protection and crop production information in the FAO's former Global Plant & Pest Information System (GPPIS) has been assimilated into EcoPort.

Database: Forestry Images: The Source for Forest Health and Silviculture Images (including Invasive and Exotic Species of North America - Invasive.org)
Host: A joint project between University of Georgia - Bugwood Network and the U.S. Department of Agriculture
Scope: Over 8,300 images, including over 1,000 new images of invasive species (including many weeds) and their biological control agents, taken by over 250 photographers are available. Most images were digitized from high-resolution 35mm slides. Multiple levels of jpeg format images are downloadable and may be copied and used for any non-profit, educational purpose with appropriate credit and copyright notice. Although most images are North American in nature, the system also contains images of organisms that are "Non-U.S. Natives", or are considered to be "U.S. Invasives".

DatabaseNational Agricultural Pest Information System (NAPIS):  Public Access Site
Host:  U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service; Purdue University, Entomology Department, Center for Environmental and Regulatory Information Systems
Scope:  Search access to the full NAPIS database is limited to employees of the USDA; however, important information concerning plant pests, including invasives, is available from this public access site.  The Pest Information section profiles hundreds of pest species, and includes fact sheets; survey and distribution maps; regulations; related links; and photos.  The State Reports section highlights specific pest issues for each state.

Database: Trees, Insects and Diseases of Canada's Forest
Host: Natural Resources Canada. Canadian Forest Service.
Scope: Trees, insects and diseases of Canada's forests (TIDCF) is a database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. In the database you will find images, information and descriptions provided by the Canadian Forest Service specialists and research scientists.

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General Agricultural

Database: AGRICOLA (AGRICultural OnLine Access)
Host: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, National Agricultural Library
Scope: AGRICOLA is a bibliographic database of citations to the agricultural literature. The records describe publications and resources encompassing all aspects of agriculture and allied disciplines, including animal and veterinary sciences, entomology, plant sciences, forestry, aquaculture and fisheries, farming and farming systems, agricultural economics, extension and education, food and human nutrition, and earth and environmental sciences.

Database: Biota of North America Program (BONAP)
Host:  North Carolina Botanical Garden; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Scope: The program's goal is to develop a unified digital system for assessing the North American biota through the maintenance of the taxonomic, nomenclatural, and biogeographic data for all members of the biota. The BONAP database now includes data for all vascular plants and vertebrate species (native, naturalized, and adventive) of the United States and Canada. In Jan 2010, BONAP released its North American Plant Atlas; county-level atlas for contiguous 48 states.

Database: Discover Life
Host: University of Georgia-Athens
Scope: Discover Life helps you to identify things, share ways to teach and study nature's wonders, use maps, report your findings, and contribute to and learn from the Web's growing encyclopedia of life. This illustrated, non-technical guide provides data reporting tools that allow users to accurately locate their collection site using detailed maps. Includes Invasive Species and IDnature Guides: North American Invasives and Web-based guides for monitoring and identification of exotic species: Ticks of the U.S.

Database: Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Host: ITIS is the result of a partnership of federal agencies formed to satisfy their mutual needs for scientifically credible taxonomic information.
Scope: ITIS is an authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

Database: NatureServe Explorer - An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Host:  NatureServe
Scope: NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals, and ecological communities of the United States and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

Database: Plant Diagnostic Information System (PDIS)
Host:  Kansas State University Research and Extension
Scope: The Plant Diagnostics Information System has been developed to facilitate plant diagnostic lab activities for a consortium of land grant institutions, state departments of agriculture and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. These labs provide services for plant disease diagnosis, plant identification, and insect identification. PDIS is a system of web and database applications designed to facilitate recordkeeping and communication needs of lab personnel and their customers.
Note: Requires account to access information

Database: Species 2000
Scope: Species 2000 has the objective of enumerating all known species of plants, animals, fungi and microbes on Earth as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. It will also provide a simple access point enabling users to link from here to other data systems for all groups of organisms, using direct species-links.

Database: ZipCode Zoo
Host: BayScience Foundation, Inc.
Scope: ZipcodeZoo is a free, online natural history encyclopedia. ZipcodeZoo has a page for every living species, supplementing text with video, sound, and images where available. The site's 6.1 million pages include over 1.2 million photographs, 52,000 videos, 223,000 sound clips, and a 3.9 million maps describing 4.7 million species and infraspecies. (Description - Mar 14, 2016).

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Last Modified: Sep 01, 2017
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