Invasive Species Resources
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DOI. United States Geological Survey.
Invasive species are a subset of non-native (or alien) species, and knowing what species are non-native to a region is a first step to managing invasive species. People have been compiling non-native and invasive species lists ever since these species started causing harm, yet national non-native species lists are neither universal, nor common. Non-native species lists serve diverse purposes: watch lists for preventing invasions, inventory and monitoring lists for research and modeling, regulatory lists for species control, and nonregulatory lists for raising awareness. This diversity of purpose and the lists’ variation in geographic scope make compiling comprehensive lists of established (or naturalized) species for large regions difficult. However, listing what species are non-native in an area helps measure Essential Biodiversity Variables for invasive species monitoring and mount an effective response to established non-native species. In total, 1,166 authoritative sources were reviewed to compile the first comprehensive non-native species list for three large regions of the United States: Alaska, Hawaii, and the conterminous United States (lower 48 States). The list contains 11,344 unique names: 598 taxa for Alaska, 5,848 taxa for Hawaii, and 6,675 taxa for the conterminous United States.
The list is available to the public from U.S. Geological Survey ScienceBase, and the intent, though not a guarantee, is to update the list as non-native species become established in, or are eliminated from, the United States. The list has been used to annotate non-native species occurrence records in the U.S. Geological Survey all-taxa mapping application, Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON).
Open-File Report 2018-1156, 15 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181156.
North Carolina State University. Cooperative Extension. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants.
Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation, and Forestry. Maine Natural Areas Program.
See also: Official 2019 Endorsement of the Advisory List of Invasive Plants (PDF | 711 KB) by the Maine Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry.
New Mexico Department of Agriculture.
See also: Noxious Weed Information for more resources.
University of New Zealand. Massey University.
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Conservation Services Division.
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).
Western Governors' Association.
Wildlife Forever has partnered with the United States Geological Survey (USGS) to map invasive species and their connection to congressional districts of the western United States. The new report commissioned by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) highlights 25 nonindigenous aquatic species (NAS) and ranks congressional districts’ level of infestations. See Nonindigenous Aquatic Species in the West for more information and for the "Battle of the Bads!" report.