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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Tropical Soda Apple
Species Profiles

Tropical Soda Apple

Tropical soda appleScientific name: Solanum viarum Dunal (ITIS)

Common name: Tropical soda apple

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Selected Resources

Native To: South America (Waggy 2009)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1988 (Waggy 2009)

Means of Introduction: Probably through contaminated seed or other agricultural products (Waggy 2009)

Impact: Crowds out native species and forage for livestock (Waggy 2009)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Federally Regulated:

  • Noxious Weeds Program
    USDA. APHIS. Plant Protection and Quarantine.
    Includes species listed as a Federal Noxious Weed under the Plant Protection Act, which makes it illegal in the U.S. to import or transport between States without a permit.



Selected Resources:

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Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. - Fact Sheet:
Solanum viarum

USDA. APHIS. PPQ. Center for Plant Health Science and Technology; California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - Solanum viarum
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Tropical Soda Apple
Mississippi State University. Geosystems Research Institute.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Tropical Soda Apple
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Solanum viarum

The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Tropical Soda Apple
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Invasive Species Compendium - Solanum viarum
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Solanum viarum (shrub)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

TISI Inventory - Tropical Soda Apple
Texas State University System. Texas Invasive Species Institute.

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Solanum viarum
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Solanum viarum
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Tropical Soda Apple
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

International Government

NSW WeedWise: Tropical Soda Apple
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).

Invasive Plants: Prohibited Invasive Plants - Tropical Soda Apple
Queensland Business and Industry Portal (Australia).

State Government

Invasive Species: Tropical Soda Apple
Alabama Forestry Commission.

Pests & Diseases - Tropical Soda Apple
Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Plant Industry.

Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum Dunal) Identification and Control (May 2004; PDF | 127 KB)
Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce.
See also: Noxious Weeds - Publications and Surveys for more resources


Tropical Soda Apple in Alabama (Aug 2001)
Alabama Cooperative Extension System.

EDIS Topic - Tropical Soda Apple
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources

TAME Tropical Soda Apple
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. TAME Invasives Portal.

Plant Profile: Solanum viarum
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Solanum viarum. [Accessed Mar 22, 2015].

Waggy, M.A. 2009. Solanum viarum. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Jul 21, 2018
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