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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Japanese Stiltgrass
Species Profiles

Japanese Stiltgrass

Japanese stiltgrass - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Microstegium vimineum (Trin.) Camus (ITIS)

Synonyms: Andropogon vimineus Trin., Eulalia viminea (Trin.) Kuntze (ITIS)

Common names: Japanese stiltgrass, Nepalese browntop, Chinese packing grass, Asian stilt grass, annual jewgrass, bamboograss, Nepal microstegium, eulalia, Mary's grass

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  • Field Guide To The Identification of Japanese Stiltgrass (Dec 2012)
    University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. Bugwood Blog.
    Prepared by: Alabama Cooperative Extension System. ANR-1457.
    This publication provides descriptions and clear pictures of key characteristics as well as details on how to distinguish several common look-a-like species.

Selected Resources

Native To: Asia (Fryer 2011)

Date of U.S. Introduction: First discovered in 1919 (Morrison et al. 2007)

Means of Introduction: Probably introduced as packing material in shipments from China (Fryer 2011)

Impact: Can grow in a variety of habitats where it forms dense stands and crowds out native species (Fryer 2011)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

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Council or Task Force

Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - Japanese Grass or Eulalia
Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council.


Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Japanese Stilt Grass
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the MidSouth - Nepalese Browntop
Mississippi State University. Geosystems Research Institute.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Japanese Stilt Grass
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

New York Invasive Species Information - Japanese Stiltgrass
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

Invasive Species Compendium - Microstegium vimineum
CAB International.

EPPO Global Database - Microstegium vimineum
European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

Global Invasive Species Database - Microstegium vimineum (grass)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Invaders Factsheet: Japanese Stiltgrass
Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program (Canada).

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Microstegium vimineum
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Microstegium vimineum
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Nepalese Browntop
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

National Exotic Marine and Estuarine Species Information System (NEMESIS): Chesapeake Bay Introduced Species Database - Microstegium vimineum
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Marine Invasions Research Lab.

State Government

Forest Pests: Invasive Plants and Insects of Maryland - Japanese Stiltgrass (Aug 2012; PDF | 551 KB)
Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Forest Service.
See also: Invasive Plants and Insects Fact Sheets for additional species to help control invasive species in Maryland

Field Guide: Invasive - Japanese Stiltgrass
Missouri Department of Conservation.
See also: Problem Plant Control (scroll to Invasive Plants section) for more information to help you identify and control most common invasive plants in Missouri

Fact Sheet: Japanese Stilt-Grass (Microstegium vimineum) (2014; PDF | 283 KB)
New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets, and Food. Division of Plant Industry.
See also: New Hampshire's Prohibited Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive trees, shrubs, vines, and herbaceous plants

New Jersey Non-Native Plants: Japanese Stiltgrass (Oct 2008; PDF | 109 KB)
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection.
See also: Invasive Species Fact Sheets for more species

Invasive Species Leaflet - Microstegium vimineum ((Japanese Stilt Grass, Japanese Grass,
Nepalese Browntop) (Mar 2010; PDF | 150 KB)

North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Forest Service.
See also: Forest Health Publications for more Invasive Species Leaflets

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Japanese Stilt Grass (PDF | 236 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands

Japanese Stilt Grass (Microstegium vimineum)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Japanese Stilt Grass
University of Maine Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)

Introduced Species Summary Project - Japanese Stilt Grass
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Controlling Non-Native Invasive Plants in Ohio Forests: Japanese Stiltgrass
Ohio State University. Extension.


Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Japanese Stiltgrass (Nov 2011; PDF | 119 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania


Fryer, J.L. 2011. Microstegium vimineum. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Microstegium vimineum. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Morrison, J.A., Lubchansky, H.A., Mauck, K.E., McCartney, K., and B. Dunn. 2007. Ecological comparison of two co-invasive species in eastern deciduous forests: Alliaria petiolata and Microstegium vimineum. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134(1):1-17.

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Last Modified: Sep 08, 2018
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