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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Russian Olive
Species Profiles

Russian Olive

Russian OliveScientific name: Elaeagnus angustifolia L. (ITIS)

Common names: Russian olive, oleaster

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Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Zouhar 2005)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Exact date unknown; was introduced to the central and western U.S. by the early 1900s (Zouhar 2005)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as a horticultural plant (Zouhar 2005)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Zouhar 2005)

Current U.S. Distribution:



  • YouTube - Russian Olive
    Google. YouTube; University of Wyoming Extension. Sustainable Management of Rangeland Resources Initiative Team.

Selected Resources:

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Council or Task Force

Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Elaeagnus angustifolia
California Invasive Plant Council.
In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA

Invasive Plants of Ohio: Fact Sheet 7 - Autumn-Olive and Russian-Olive (PDF | 213 KB)
Ohio Invasive Plants Council.
See also: Invasive Plants of Ohio for worst invasive plant species identified in Ohio's natural areas

Fact Sheet: Russian Olive (Aug 2015; PDF | 850 KB)
Alberta Invasive Species Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act


Least Wanted: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas Fact Sheet - Russian Olive
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.

Texas Invasives Database - Elaeagnus angustifolia

The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Russian Olive
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Invasive Species Compendium - Elaeagnus angustifolia
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Elaeagnus angustifolia (shrub, tree)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Elaeagnus angustifolia
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Elaeagnus angustifolia
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Russian Olive
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

State Government

Noxious Weed Species - Russian Olive
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Conservation Services Division. Noxious Weed Program.

Field Guide: Invasive - Russian Olive
Missouri Department of Conservation.

Invasive Plants in Pennsylvania: Russian Olive and Autumn Olive (PDF | 223 KB)
Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

See also: Invasive Plants fact sheets (scroll to view) for plant species (trees, shrubs, vines, herbs and aquatic plants) that have impacted the state's natural lands

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.


Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States: Russian-olive (2013; PDF | 217 KB)
University of California. Weed Research and Information Center.

Invasive Plant Atlas of New England (IPANE) - Russian olive, Oleaster
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Maine Invasive Plants Bulletin: Autumn Olive / Russian Olive
University of Maine. Cooperative Extension.
See also: Maine Invasive Plants & Entire Series for entire series of 22 fact sheets and invasive plants brochure (available in HTML/PDF or for purchase)

Russian Olive - Weeds of Nebraska (PDF | 1.51 MB)
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.

Invasive, Exotic Plants of the Southeast - Russian Olive
North Carolina State University. Cooperative Extension. Going Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants.

Introduced Species Summary Project - Russian Olive
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.

Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Autumn Olive and Russian Olive (Nov 2011; PDF | 164 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania


Noxious Weed Information - Russian Olive (B List)
Colorado Weed Management Association.


Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Elaeagnus angustifolia. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Zouhar, K. 2005. Elaeagnus angustifolia. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Sep 29, 2016
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