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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Brazilian Peppertree
Species Profiles

Brazilian Peppertree

Brazilian pepper tree - Invasive.org

Scientific name: Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (ITIS)

Common names: Brazilian peppertree, Christmas berry, Florida holly, broad leaf pepper tree

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Selected Resources

Native To: South America (Hight et al. 2002)

Date of U.S. Introduction: 1840s (Hight et al. 2002)

Means of Introduction: Introduced as an ornamental (Hight et al. 2002)

Impact: Forms dense, monospecific stands that crowd out native species; possibly produces chemicals that inhibit the growth of native species (Meyer 2011)

Current U.S. Distribution:



Selected Resources:

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Council or Task Force

Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Schinus terebinthifolius
California Invasive Plant Council.
In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA


Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) - Schinus terebinthifolius
USDA. FS. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry.

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Brazilian Peppertree
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

Texas Invasives Database - Schinus terebinthifolius

The Quiet Invasion: A Guide to Invasive Species of the Galveston Bay Area - Brazilian Peppertree
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Galveston Bay Estuary Program; Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC).

Invasive Species Compendium - Schinus terebinthifolius
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Schinus terebinthifolius (tree)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Schinus terebinthifolia
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Schinus terebinthifolius
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Brazilian Peppertree
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory - Schinus terebinthifolius
Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce.

International Government

Weeds in Australia - Broad-leaf Pepper Tree (Schinus terebinthifolius)
Australian Government. Department of the Environment and Energy.

NSW WeedWise: Broad-leaf pepper tree
New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (Australia).

Invasive Plants: Restricted Invasive Plants - Broadleaved Pepper Tree
Queensland Business and Industry Portal (Australia).

State Government

Weed Alerts: Brazilian Pepper
Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.


Weed Control in Natural Areas in the Western United States: Peppertrees (2013; PDF | 256 KB)
University of California. Weed Research and Information Center.
See also: Weeds in Natural Areas for more information sheets

Plant Profile: Schinus terebinthifolia
University of Florida. IFAS. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants.

EDIS Topic - Brazilian Pepper-Tree
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension.
Electronic Data Information Source - publication resources

TAME Brazilian Pepper Tree
University of Florida. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension. TAME Invasives Portal.

Weeds of Hawai'i's Pastures and Natural Areas: An Identification and Management Guide - Schinus terebinthifolius (2003; PDF | 240 KB)
University of Hawaii. College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.
See also: Weeds of Hawaii for more species guides

Introduced Species Summary Project - Brazilian Peppertree
Columbia University. Center for Environmental Research and Conservation.


Hight, S.D., J.P. Cuda, and J.C. Medal. 2002. Brazilian Peppertree. In: R. Van Driesche et al. (Eds.), Biological control of invasive plants in the eastern United States (FHTET-2002-04). Morgantown, West Virginia: U.S. Forest Service Forest Health Technology Enterprise Team.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Schinus terebinthifolius. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014].

Meyer, R. 2011. Schinus terebinthifolius. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

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Last Modified: Sep 15, 2018
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