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You are here: Home / Plants / Species Profiles / Leafy Spurge
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Leafy Spurge

Leafy SpurgeScientific name: Euphorbia esula L. (ITIS)

Common name: Leafy spurge

Click image to enlarge

Selected Resources

Native To: Eurasia (Gucker 2010)

Date of U.S. Introduction: Early 1800s (Gucker 2010)

Means of Introduction: Introduced accidentally as a seed contaminant (Gucker 2010)

Impact: Crowds out native species (Gucker 2010)

Current U.S. Distribution:

Images:

Video:

  • YouTube - Leafy Spurge
    University of Wyoming Extension. Sustainable Google. YouTube; Management of Rangeland Resources Initiative Team.

Selected Resources:

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Council or Task Force

Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands - Euphorbia esula
California Invasive Plant Council.
In online book: Bossard, C.C., J.M. Randall, and M.C. Hoshovsky (Editors). 2000. Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands. University of California Press. Berkeley, CA

Priority Species: Leafy Spurge
Washington State Recreation and Conservation Office. Washington Invasive Species Council.

Fact Sheet: Leafy Spurge (Jan 2014; PDF | 263 KB)
Alberta Invasive Plant Council (Canada).
See also: Fact Sheets for more information about individual invasive species, including those listed as "Prohibited Noxious" and "Noxious" under the Alberta Weed Control Act

Partnership

Alaska Exotic Plants Information Clearinghouse (AKEPIC): Species Biography - Leafy Spurge (Feb 7, 2011; PDF | 146 KB)
University of Alaska - Anchorage. Alaska Center for Conservation Science.
See also: Non-Native Plant Species List for additional factsheets (species biographies) and species risk assessment reports of non-native species present in Alaska and also non-native species currently not recorded in Alaska (potential invasives).

Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States - Leafy Spurge
University of Georgia. Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health.

New York Invasive Species Information - Leafy Spurge
New York Invasive Species Clearinghouse.

Least Wanted: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas Fact Sheet - Leafy Spurge
Plant Conservation Alliance. Alien Plant Working Group.

Texas Invasives Database - Euphorbia esula
TexasInvasives.org.

Invasive Species Compendium - Euphorbia esula
CAB International.

Global Invasive Species Database - Euphorbia esula (herb)
IUCN. Species Survival Commission. Invasive Species Specialist Group.

Federal Government

The Ecological Areawide Management (TEAM) Leafy Spurge
USDA. ARS. Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory.
The Ecological Area-wide Management (TEAM) Leafy Spurge was a $4.5 million, five-year (1998-2002) USDA-ARS research and demonstration program focusing on the Little Missouri drainage in Wyoming, Montana and the Dakotas. Its goal was to research, develop and demonstrate ecologically based Integrated Pest Management strategies that landowners and land managers can use to achieve effective, affordable and sustainable leafy spurge control.
Note: The TEAM Leafy Spurge program was named a recipient of a U. S. Department of Agriculture 2004 Secretary’s Honor Award for exemplary service and achievement.

U.S. National Plant Germplasm System - Euphorbia esula
USDA. ARS. National Genetic Resources Program. GRIN-Global.

Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) - Euphorbia esula
USDA. FS. Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fire Sciences Laboratory.

PLANTS Database - Leafy Spurge
USDA. NRCS. National Plant Data Center.

State Government

Encycloweedia: Data Sheet - Euphorbia genus
California Department of Food and Agriculture.
See also: Included on California's noxious weed list; see Encycloweedia: Program Details for additional resources

Noxious Weed Species - Leafy Spurge
Colorado Department of Agriculture. Conservation Services Division. Noxious Weed Program.

Leafy Spurge
Minnesota Department of Agriculture.

Field Guide: Invasive - Leafy Spurge
Missouri Department of Conservation.
See also: Problem Plant Control (scroll to Invasive Plants section) for more information to help you identify and control most common invasive plants in Missouri

Class B Noxious Weed: Leafy Spurge
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board.

Integrated Pest Management Prescription - Leafy Spurge (PDF | 241 KB)
Thurston County Public Health and Social Services (Washington). Environmental Health.

Leafy Spurge
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Academic

Leafy Spurge
Colorado State University. Cooperative Extension.

Leafy Spurge - Noxious Weeds of Nebraska (PDF | 510 KB)
University of Nebraska - Lincoln. Cooperative Extension.

Leafy Spurge Identification and Chemical Control (PDF | 210 KB)
North Dakota State University. Extension Service.
See also: Leafy Spurge Control Using Flea Beetles

Invasive Plant Fact Sheet - Leafy Spurge (Nov 2011; PDF | 130 KB)
University of Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania Flora Project of Morris Arboretum.
See also: Invasive Plant Fact Sheets for additional invasive plants in Pennsylvania

Professional

Noxious Weed Information - Leafy Spurge (B List)
Colorado Weed Management Association.

Weed Identification - Leafy Spurge
Montana Weed Control Association.

Citations

Gucker, C.L. 2010. Euphorbia esula. In: Fire Effects Information System. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Euphorbia esula. [Accessed Mar 19, 2015].

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Last Modified: Dec 08, 2016
 
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